HAO Research Highlights

Total electron content (TEC)
December 7, 2017

Plain Language Summary or Abstract: Whole atmosphere models offer the opportunity to improve specification and forecasting of the upper atmosphere through incorporating the effects of forcing from both the lower atmosphere as well as the Sun.

SD-WACCM mean fields
November 2, 2017

Numerical studies have shown that there is a lower thermospheric winter-to-summer circulation that is driven by wave dissipation and that it plays a significant role in trace gas distributions in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere, and in the composition of the thermosphere.

Carrington rotation 1775
October 24, 2017

A 3D Potential-Field Source-Surface Model for the Evolution of Longitude-Dependent Coronal Structures: We explore a complementary approach to traditional magnetogram-based coronal field solutions.

Global mean distribution of Wilson current for the GEC (1.6 kA total)
October 16, 2017

A specialized satellite version of the passive microwave electric field retrieval algorithm (Peterson et al., 2015) is applied to observations from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) and Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) satellites to estimate the generator current for the Global

Carrington rotation stack plots
September 7, 2017

The Sun’s outer atmosphere is heated to temperatures of millions of degrees, and solar plasma flows out into interplanetary space at supersonic speeds. This paper reviews our current understanding of these interrelated problems: coronal heating and the acceleration of the ambient solar wind.

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