HAO Research Highlights

Graph showing WACCM-X (2.0) simulated summer temperature profiles of year 1974 and year 2003
December 2, 2018

The nighttime mesopause, marking the boundary of mesosphere and thermosphere and having the coldest atmospheric temperature, is formed mainly by the combination of radiative cooling by CO2, and the adiabatic flow in the Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere.

(a) The inferred line-of-sight (LOS) magnetic field B_LOS obtained from the forward synthesis of the circular polarization signal from the MHD model data at a time during the quasi-static phase of the flux rope; (b) The same as (a) but only show the pixels of the measured B_LOS with sufficient signal to noise ratio; (c) The axial field strength in the mid cross-section of the flux rope; (d) The 3D field lines of the coronal magnetic field as view
November 13, 2018

From a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of the eruption of a prominence hosting coronal flux rope, Yuhong Fan and others carry out forward synthesis of the circular polarization signal (Stokes V signal) of the FeXIII emission line at 1074.7 nm produced by the MHD model.

Pitch angle scattering of electrons in high resolution LFM fields
November 13, 2018

Mary Hudson and others have studied field line curvature scattering by the magnetic field structure associated with Bursty Bulk Flows (BBFs), using simulated output fields from the Lyon‐Fedder‐Mobarry (LFM) global magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) code for specified solar wind input.

Plot showing EEJ obtained from Huancayo and Fuquene observatories
November 9, 2018

The variabilities of the semidiurnal solar and lunar tides of the equatorial electrojet (EEJ) are investigated during the 2003, 2006, 2009 and 2013 major sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) events in this study.

Graph of displacement probability distributions
October 23, 2018

The motions of small-scale magnetic flux elements in the solar photosphere can provide some measure of the Lagrangian properties of the convective flow.