HAO Research Highlights

Graphic image showing the maps of the E-region horizontal and radial currents
October 2, 2020

The flow of ionospheric current can be probed by examining magnetic field measurements at the ground and at Low-Earth-Orbit (LEO) altitude.

Graphic image showing polar maps of the simulated electron density
October 2, 2020

During geomagnetic disturbances, enhanced high‐latitude convection transports ionospheric F2‐region plasma from the dayside midlatitude region into the polar cap, leading to structures such as tongues of ionization (TOIs) and patches.

Graphic image showing a portion of the inner penumbra in the MURaM sunspot simulation
October 2, 2020

Recently, there have been some reports of unusually strong photospheric magnetic fields (which can reach values of over 7 kG) inferred from Hinode SOT/SP sunspot observations within penumbral regions.

Graphic image 2D evolution of thermospheric ∑O/N2 response
September 16, 2020

We conduct observational and modeling studies of thermospheric composition responses to weak geomagnetic activity (non-geomagnetic storms). We found that the thermospheric O and N 2 column density ratio (∑O/N 2 ) in part of the Northern Hemisphere measured by

Graphic image depicting the comparison between the GOLD map and TEC2 map
August 28, 2020

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Global‐scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) has been imaging the thermosphere and ionosphere since October 2018. It provides continuous measurements over a large area from its geostationary orbit.