HAO Research Highlights

3D views of iso-surfaces
February 22, 2016

Fan and Fang's recent publication shows significant advances in global-scale fully dynamic 3D convective dynamo simulations of the solar convective envelope. These simulations demonstrate the role magnetic field plays in the self-consistent maintenance of the solar differential rotation.

HD30495 Figure 1
December 3, 2015

What might happen to the well-known 11-year solar cycle if the Sun were spun up to rotate more than two times faster? To investigate such questions of the dependence of the Sun's internal dynamo on parameters such as rotation we must look to other stars with different physical conditions.

Image Credit: K.L. Turnbull, J.A. Wild (Lancaster University) and the SOHO/EIT consortium, Shutterstock
December 1, 2015

In a recent AGU editor's Vox Discussion, Delores Knipp explores the societal impacts of geomagnetically induced currents (GICs). GICs can cause voltage swings, transformer heating, and reactive power loss in high-voltage power transmission systems.

Chart of early observations highlights two Maunder minima
November 5, 2015

Three hundred years ago, the Sun began to wake up. For 70 years—from about 1645 to 1715—the Sun had been eerily quiet, with very few sunspots erupting on its surface.

Kalman filtering image
February 11, 2015

Approximating a model’s “true” state by applying Kalman filtering to solar cycles, a technique first developed in the 1950s and 1960s to help Apollo 11 settle safely on the Moon.