HAO Research Highlights

Photograph of TEC in 2015
May 15, 2020

Summary or Abstract: The strength and structure of the Earth's magnetic field is gradually changing. These changes do not only affect the difference between the geographic and magnetic pole, which we have to consider when we hike in higher latitude regions.

Schematic of the sectional view of a GOLD spectroscopic imaging channel
May 12, 2020

The Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) is a NASA mission of opportunity designed to study how the Earth’s ionosphere-thermosphere system responds to geomagnetic storms, solar radiation and upward propagating tides on time scales as short as 30 minutes.

Graphic chart depicting mean vertical magnetic field strength
May 8, 2020

While the quiet Sun magnetic field shows only little variation with the solar cycle, long-term variations cannot be completely ruled out from first principles.

Graphic image depicting radial profiles of continuum intensity
May 8, 2020

The analyses of sunspot observations revealed a fundamental magnetic property of the umbral boundary, the invariance of the vertical component of the magnetic field.

Graphic image of H+ band Electromagnetic Ion Cyclotron (EMIC) waves diagram
April 24, 2020

A recent statistical study has suggested that not all electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves can scatter relativistic electrons. However, knowledge of the factors that influence the EMIC wave scattering efficiency is still limited in observations.