HAO Research Highlights

Monthly mean, globally integrated total gravity wave flux of energy
April 4, 2017

Most of the large events affecting the thermosphere and ionosphere part of the space environment come from the Sun, the solar wind, and Earth’s magnetosphere, but even in “quiet time” periods lacking those sources of variability, conditions in the thermosphere and ionosphere continue to fluctuate

Vertical energy flux
April 3, 2017

High resolution Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM) simulations are used to study how gravity waves vary during a stratospheric sudden warming (SSW) event from the source region to the lower thermosphere.

Vertical profiles of maximum wind shear
March 31, 2017

The NCAR Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM), with a quasi-uniform horizontal resolution of $\sim$25km and a vertical resolution of 0.1 scale height, produces large horizontal winds and vertical shears maximizing in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT), similar to those found

Meridional flow variations induced by magnetic cycles.
March 24, 2017

Surface observations indicate that the speed of the solar meridional circulation in the photosphere varies in anti-phase with the solar cycle.

Global 3D simulations of solar giant-cell convection.
March 24, 2017

Global 3D simulations of solar giant-cell convection have provided significant insight into the processes which yield the Sun’s observed differential rotation and cyclic dynamo action.