HAO Research Highlights

Graphic of two-dimensional filtered Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) total electron content (TEC) maps
September 11, 2019

Earthquake and tsunami are known to be the source of atmospheric gravity waves that can generate plasma ripples in the space. On March 11, 2011, a magnitude 9.0 earthquake occurred near the east coast of Honshu, Japan, unleashing a savage tsunami to strike offshore of Japan.

Graphic depicting field-lines from a ground-truth flux-rope magnetic field model
August 8, 2019

Deriving the strength and direction of the three-dimensional (3D) magnetic field in the solar atmosphere is fundamental for understanding its dynamics. Volume information on the magnetic field mostly relies on photospheric and/or chromospheric surface vector magnetic fields.

GOLD image of the daytime airglow and the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA)
August 5, 2019

The NASA Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) ultraviolet spectrograph began imaging the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly (EIA), regions of the ionosphere with enhanced electron density north and south of the magnetic equator, in October 2018.

Graphic depicting continuous wavelet spectra of the sunspot area (SSA)
July 25, 2019

Solar magnetic activity exhibits variations with periods between 1.5–4 years, the so-called quasi-biennial oscillations (QBOs), in addition to the well-known 11-year Schwabe cycles. The solar dynamo is thought to be the responsible mechanism for the generation of the QBOs.

Photograph of the MinXSS-2 spacecraft
July 15, 2019

The second Miniature X-ray Solar Spectrometer (MinXSS-2) CubeSat builds on the success of MinXSS-1. The science instrument is more advanced – now capable of greater dynamic range with higher energy resolution.