Temporal Variation of Solar Wind in Controlling Solar Wind‐Magnetosphere‐Ionosphere Energy Budget

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Thursday, September 13, 2018

Periodic oscillations associated with Alfven waves with periods ranging from several tens of minutes to several hours are commonly seen in the solar wind. It is not yet known how the solar wind oscillation frequency, and thus its temporal variation, regulates the energy flow through the coupled solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere-thermosphere system.

 Cross-correlation between Joule heating and the Epsilon function image
Cross-correlation between Joule heating and the Epsilon function. The top panel shows the time delay and the correlation coefficient between Joule heating and the Epsilon function. Scatterplots of Joule heating versus the Epsilon function for different periods are given in the bottom panel. The solid lines show the trend of the linear regression.

Utilizing the Coupled Magnetosphere-Ionosphere-Thermosphere Model (CMIT) driven by solar wind and interplanetary magnetic field (IMF), we have analyzed the magnetosphere-ionosphere-thermosphere system response to IMF Bz oscillations with periods of 10, 30, and 60 minutes from the perspective of energy budget. Our results indicate that the energy flow from the solar wind to geospace depends on the IMF Bz oscillation frequency. The energy coupling efficiency, defined as the ratio of the globally integrated Joule heating to Akasofu’s Epsilon function, is higher for lower frequency IMF Bz oscillations. Joule heating in the upper atmosphere depends not only on directly driven processes due to solar wind variability but also on the intrinsic dynamics of the magnetosphere (i.e. loading-unloading process). This work highlights the critical role of solar wind and IMF temporal variation and the inductive inertia and resistance of coupled magnetosphere-ionosphere system in controlling the energy transfer in the coupled solar wind-geospace system, which has not been explored before.

Publication Name: JGR-Space Physics

First HAO Author's Name: Jing Liu