Thermal Properties of Coronal Cavities

Tuesday, March 31, 2020

We have analyzed 33 cavities observed between 2012 and 2018, from solar activity maximum to minimum. For each cavity we applied a differential emission measure method to obtain both a temperature distribution and a value of the average temperature.

Graph depicting temperature of cavities and surrounding streamers
Average temperature of 35 cavities (black) and their surrounding streamers (red).

We find that cavities are filled with material hotter than the surrounding streamer, with temperatures in the range of 1.67 - 2.15 MK. Differences between temperatures of cavities and surrounding streamers are in the range of 0.11 - 0.32 MK with an average value of 0.21 MK. We found that temperatures of both, cavities and streamers, vary as a function of different phases of solar activity. During solar maximum the structures are slightly hotter than those observed during solar minimum (1.85 - 2.15 MK vs. 1.67 - 1.88 MK for cavities and streamers, respectively).

Publication Name: Astronomy and Astrophysics
First HAO Author's Name: Sarah Gibson
Link to article