Nick Pedatella https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/ en A Lagrangian Study of Tidal Advection of Mesospheric Water Vapor https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/publication-highlight/lagrangian-study-tidal-advection-mesospheric-water-vapor <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">A Lagrangian Study of Tidal Advection of Mesospheric Water Vapor</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/6" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">whawkins</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 10/19/2022 - 16:35</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/16">Nick Pedatella</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">whawkins</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Oct 19, 2022</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><em>Journal of Geophysical Research—N. Koushik, J. Oberheide, <strong>N. M. Pedatella</strong></em></p> <p>Previous studies have demonstrated that the diurnal variability of water vapor in the mesosphere involves a non-linear interplay between dynamics, photochemistry, and catalytic processes. The inherent difficulty in measurement of winds and water vapor in this region makes the study of mesospheric water vapor complex. Here we study the sources of diurnal variability of water vapor in the mesosphere with the help of the specified dynamics configuration of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere-ionosphere eXtension (SD-WACCM-X) for typical equinox conditions during the solar minimum year 2009. Special emphasis is given to the advective transport by the migrating diurnal tide and its impact on the mean water vapor in the mesosphere. To isolate the contribution from advective and non-advective processes, a Lagrangian parcel trajectory model is employed. Our results indicate that the vertical tidal advection dominates the transport of water vapor in the upper mesosphere and that there is a significant contribution from horizontal tidal advection below 70km. Among non-advective processes, chemical loss of water vapor has the largest contribution. This proof-of-concept is further extended using the recently released version 2.07 of water vapor observations from the Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) instrument and dynamical tides from the empirical Climatological Tidal Model for the Thermosphere (CTMT). Differences in SD-WACCM-X and CTMT+SABER results above 90km are discussed in light of the veracity of SABER water vapor measurements.</p> <figure class="media media--type-image media--view-mode-default figure mb-1 mb-md-4"> <p> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/extra_large/public/2022-10/Pedatella_DW1advectedH2O.png?itok=8HtdzMbc" width="926" height="928" alt="DW1 advected H2O volume mixing ratio" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-extra-large img-fluid" /></p> <figcaption class="figure-caption pb-1"> <p>DW1 advected H2O volume mixing ratio (q′adv) for (a) 6h, (b) 12h, (c) 18h and (d) 24h local time on 15 March 2009 for (left) total advection (middle) vertical advection alone and (right) horizontal advection alone. Contour intervals are chosen such that there are 15 contours between the maximum and minimum values in each plot.</p> </figcaption> </figure> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news js-view-dom-id-7d49ad8d10dec8500f87bb5197a2542de554e23e1bb0c19ba4f7ee3fd0b9aac0"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="views-view-grid horizontal cols-3 col-12 mb-2 mb-md-4"> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-1"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/news-article/hawaiis-mauna-loa-erupts-after-38-years-mauna-loa-solar-observatory-temporarily" hreflang="en"><img 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block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2022-10-19T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Wed, 10/19/2022 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/16" hreflang="en">Nick Pedatella</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Wed, 19 Oct 2022 22:35:47 +0000 whawkins 745 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu The photoelectron driven upper hybrid instability as the cause of 150 km echoes https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/publication-highlight/photoelectron-driven-upper-hybrid-instability-cause-150-km-echoes <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The photoelectron driven upper hybrid instability as the cause of 150 km echoes</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/6" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">whawkins</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Thu, 10/13/2022 - 14:12</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/16">Nick Pedatella</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">whawkins</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Oct 13, 2022</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><figure class="align-right media media--type-image media--view-mode-default figure mb-1 mb-md-4"> <p> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/extra_large/public/2022-10/Pedatella_summationGrowthRatess.png?itok=iHvXZngK" width="926" height="540" alt="summation of growth rates of the upper hybrid instability for a variety of wavelengths" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-extra-large img-fluid" /></p> <figcaption class="figure-caption pb-1"> <p>The summation of growth rates of the upper hybrid instability for a variety of wavelengths. The colored regions show where the upper hybrid instability will occur in the ionosphere. The contours of w_uh/Ω are plotted as well, showing the gaps in the instability occur where w_uh≈nΩ and Landau damping by thermal electrons suppresses the instability.</p> </figcaption> </figure> <p><em>Geophysical Research Letters—Nicholas Pedatella</em></p> <p>For decades large radars have observed strong, unexplained echoes returning from altitudes of 130-170 km in the atmosphere. All radars work by reflecting radio waves off a target and measuring the returned signal. For atmospheric radars the target is free electrons within the plasma in the upper atmosphere. Since the free electrons are typically a disordered gas the radio waves are reflected in random directions. This means some process is needed to create a coherent structure in the plasma for the radio waves to strongly reflect back in the direction of the radar. In this paper we show that the region between 130-170 km in the upper atmosphere is likely to create and maintain a specific set of plasma waves that act as a coherent structure for radar measurements. We show that predictions of where the plasma waves are generated match well with the observed patterns of these “150 km echoes”. This is the first research to provide a specific explanation for what causes 150 km echoes. In understanding this cause, we learned more about the Sun’s influence on our upper atmosphere while expanding the capabilities of atmospheric radars.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news js-view-dom-id-d5d84235dffc70d4e1f5231b1cfbaf1faea1a78d9541815ca4a3b6ecd18534f6"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="views-view-grid horizontal cols-3 col-12 mb-2 mb-md-4"> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-1"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/news-article/hawaiis-mauna-loa-erupts-after-38-years-mauna-loa-solar-observatory-temporarily" hreflang="en"><img 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src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Qian%2CLiying_Lat-longDistr.NmF2simula.png?itok=HZnaJDN2" width="480" height="250" alt="Latitude-longitude distribution and NmF2 simulation" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 18, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/investigation-post-sunset-extra-electron-density-peak-poleward"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Investigation of the Post-Sunset Extra Electron Density Peak Poleward of the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly Southern Crest</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-3"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/lagrangian-study-tidal-advection-mesospheric-water-vapor" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Pedatella_DW1advectedH2O.png?itok=QXmqdjt2" width="479" height="480" alt="DW1 advected H2O volume mixing ratio" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 19, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/lagrangian-study-tidal-advection-mesospheric-water-vapor"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">A Lagrangian Study of Tidal Advection of Mesospheric Water Vapor</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/coronal-cavities-comp-observations" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Gibson_CavityWidths-SDO.AIA__0.png?itok=gN76eNR5" width="455" height="480" alt="Cavity widths observed by SDO/AIA" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 27, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/coronal-cavities-comp-observations"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Coronal Cavities in CoMP Observations</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/inter-hemispheric-asymmetries-high-latitude-electrodynamic-forcing-and" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Zhu_Temporal%20variations%20of%20the%20ion%20convection%20boundary.png?itok=xU0LXQHY" width="480" height="255" alt="Temporal variations of the ion convection boundary" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 14, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/inter-hemispheric-asymmetries-high-latitude-electrodynamic-forcing-and"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Inter-Hemispheric Asymmetries in the High-Latitude Electrodynamic Forcing and the Thermosphere During the October 8-9, 2012 Geomagnetic Storm: An Integrated Data-Model Investigation</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-4"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Maute_perturbationAmplitudes.jpg?itok=BRSLJoPb" width="480" height="326" alt="Seasonal variations of monthly-zonal-mean small-scale perturbation amplitudes" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 18, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Seasonal Variations of Small-Scale Waves observed by ICON-MIGHTI</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2022-10-13T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Thu, 10/13/2022 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/16" hreflang="en">Nick Pedatella</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Thu, 13 Oct 2022 20:12:25 +0000 whawkins 733 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu Scientific Motivations and Future Directions of Whole Atmosphere Modeling https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/publication-highlight/scientific-motivations-and-future-directions-whole-atmosphere-modeling <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Scientific Motivations and Future Directions of Whole Atmosphere Modeling</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/6" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">whawkins</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Fri, 09/16/2022 - 11:58</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/16">Nick Pedatella</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">whawkins</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Sep 16, 2022</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><em>Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences:</em> <strong>Dr.Nick Pedatella</strong> asserts that the recent development of whole atmosphere models that extend from the surface to the upper thermosphere represents a significant advance in modeling capabilities of the ionosphere-thermosphere. Whole atmosphere models have had an especially important influence on understanding the role of terrestrial weather on generating variability in the ionosphere-thermosphere. This paper provides an overview of the scientific motivations and contributions made by whole atmosphere modeling. This is followed by a discussion of future directions in whole atmosphere modeling and the science that they will enable.</p> <figure class="media media--type-image media--view-mode-default figure mb-1 mb-md-4"> <p> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/extra_large/public/2022-09/Pedatella_MeteorologicalDriving.png?itok=R-jYBnm3" width="926" height="724" alt="Lower-atmosphere processes in the ionosphere-thermosphere" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-extra-large img-fluid" /></p> <figcaption class="figure-caption pb-1"> <p>Schematic of the various mechanisms through which lower-atmosphere processes influence the ionosphere-thermosphere. Whole atmosphere models are critical for understanding these processes.</p> <p class=""><small><em>Figure from the 2013 Solar and Space Physics Decadal Survey.</em></small></p> </figcaption> </figure> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news js-view-dom-id-48724c02825596c31099a3c94709f4bcb6baf5e06ccdba1d744aa443eb45ee1c"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="views-view-grid horizontal cols-3 col-12 mb-2 mb-md-4"> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-1"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/news-article/hawaiis-mauna-loa-erupts-after-38-years-mauna-loa-solar-observatory-temporarily" hreflang="en"><img 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src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Maute_maximumShear.jpg?itok=id9P5eHJ" width="480" height="241" alt="Example of maximum shear determination in zonal wind from 1 orbit of MIGHTI observations" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 14, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/horizontal-wind-shears-lower-thermosphere-observed-icon"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Horizontal wind shears in the lower thermosphere observed by ICON</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/investigation-post-sunset-extra-electron-density-peak-poleward" hreflang="en"><img 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href="/news/publication-highlight/lagrangian-study-tidal-advection-mesospheric-water-vapor" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Pedatella_DW1advectedH2O.png?itok=QXmqdjt2" width="479" height="480" alt="DW1 advected H2O volume mixing ratio" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 19, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/lagrangian-study-tidal-advection-mesospheric-water-vapor"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">A Lagrangian Study of Tidal Advection of Mesospheric Water Vapor</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/coronal-cavities-comp-observations" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Gibson_CavityWidths-SDO.AIA__0.png?itok=gN76eNR5" width="455" height="480" alt="Cavity widths observed by SDO/AIA" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 27, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/coronal-cavities-comp-observations"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Coronal Cavities in CoMP Observations</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/inter-hemispheric-asymmetries-high-latitude-electrodynamic-forcing-and" hreflang="en"><img 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field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Maute_perturbationAmplitudes.jpg?itok=BRSLJoPb" width="480" height="326" alt="Seasonal variations of monthly-zonal-mean small-scale perturbation amplitudes" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 18, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Seasonal Variations of Small-Scale Waves observed by ICON-MIGHTI</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2022-09-16T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Fri, 09/16/2022 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/16" hreflang="en">Nick Pedatella</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/13" hreflang="en">modeling</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Fri, 16 Sep 2022 17:58:22 +0000 whawkins 701 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu Lower thermospheric material transport via Lagrangian coherent structures https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/publication-highlight/lower-thermospheric-material-transport-lagrangian-coherent-structures <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Lower thermospheric material transport via Lagrangian coherent structures</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">kolinski</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Mon, 07/11/2022 - 14:58</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/16">Nick Pedatella</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-subtitle"> <p class="field field--name-field-subtitle field--type-string field--label-above mb-4 mt-n4">Publication: Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics; Authors: S. Datta-Barua, L. Nutter, N. Pedatella, V. L. Harvey, and N. Wang</p> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">kolinski</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Jul 11, 2022</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><figure class="align-left media media--type-image media--view-mode-default figure mb-1 mb-md-4"> <p> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/extra_large/public/2022-07/Pedatella-lcs_figure.png?itok=RLyro_C5" width="926" height="790" alt="Left: Specified Dynamics Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere-ionosphere eXtension (SD-WACCMX) Lagrangian coherent structures (LCSs) for a space shuttle launch during (a) spring and (b) summer. Right: Observations of GUVI Lyman-alpha column emission rates in Rayleighs reprinted from Meier et al. (2011) and annotated with the LCS locations." loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-extra-large img-fluid" /></p> <figcaption class="figure-caption pb-1"> <p><strong>Left</strong>: Specified Dynamics Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere-ionosphere eXtension (SD-WACCMX) Lagrangian coherent structures (LCSs) for a space shuttle launch during (a) spring and (b) summer. Tracers Ao and Bo mark the initial location of space shuttle water vapor deposition, and are plotted tri-hourly as A (white) and B (red) advect, ending at Af and Bf. <strong>Right</strong>: Observations of GUVI Lyman-alpha column emission rates in Rayleighs reprinted from Meier et al. (2011) and annotated with the LCS locations. The results illustrate that the LCSs tend to provide a barrier for the water vapor plume generated by the space shuttle.</p> </figcaption> </figure> <p>Lagrangian coherent structures (LCSs), indicating regions of material transport, are derived from models of the lower thermosphere for five space shuttle water vapor plume events. LCSs defined using flow fields from the Specified Dynamics version of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere eXtension (SD-WACCMX) are compared to global ultraviolet imager (GUVI) observations of water vapor documented in the literature. Tracer distributions and LCS locations largely agree with GUVI data for spring, summer, and winter. For a fall season event, SD-WACCMX predicts an LCS ridge to produce spreading not found in the observations. To understand the dependence of the location of LCSs on the method for constraining the model meteorology, for a shuttle plume event for which SD-WACCMX and data assimilative WACCM-X (WACCMX-DART) model outputs are both available, the global LCSs are compared. There are significant differences in the modeled LCSs at a geometric altitude of 109 km. Low-pass filtering the zonal and meridional winds with a Fourier series of up to zonal wavenumber 6 smooths out differences between models but does not eliminate the most significant LCS differences. There is improved inter-model agreement at a lower height of 60 km. The LCS method represents a novel approach in how to analyze material transport in the atmosphere, but should be used carefully with models of the lower thermosphere.</p> <p> </p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news js-view-dom-id-ad1f36d75b39aa573054b9230a9a212d870680be1b8c6f34f4bbff803cfe265d"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="views-view-grid horizontal cols-3 col-12 mb-2 mb-md-4"> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-1"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/news-article/hawaiis-mauna-loa-erupts-after-38-years-mauna-loa-solar-observatory-temporarily" hreflang="en"><img 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field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Maute_perturbationAmplitudes.jpg?itok=BRSLJoPb" width="480" height="326" alt="Seasonal variations of monthly-zonal-mean small-scale perturbation amplitudes" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 18, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Seasonal Variations of Small-Scale Waves observed by ICON-MIGHTI</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2022-05-05T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Thu, 05/05/2022 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/16" hreflang="en">Nick Pedatella</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Mon, 11 Jul 2022 20:58:01 +0000 kolinski 598 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu The Molecular Oxygen Density Structure of the Lower Thermosphere as Seen by GOLD and Models https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/publication-highlight/molecular-oxygen-density-structure-lower-thermosphere-seen-gold-and <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The Molecular Oxygen Density Structure of the Lower Thermosphere as Seen by GOLD and Models</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">kolinski</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Mon, 07/11/2022 - 14:39</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/16">Nick Pedatella</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-subtitle"> <p class="field field--name-field-subtitle field--type-string field--label-above mb-4 mt-n4">Publication: Geophysics Research Letters; Author&#039;s: K. R. Greer, F. Laskar, R. Eastes, J. Lumpe, H.-L. Liu, and N. Pedatella</p> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">kolinski</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Jul 11, 2022</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><figure class="align-left media media--type-image media--view-mode-default figure mb-1 mb-md-4"> <p> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/extra_large/public/2022-07/Liu_localTimeStructure.png?itok=asZ0o_sL" width="926" height="695" alt="Comparisons of local time structure of molecular oxygen at 21°N, 170 km altitude" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-extra-large img-fluid" /></p> <figcaption class="figure-caption pb-1"> <p>Comparisons of local time structure of molecular oxygen at 21°N, 170 km altitude. Red dots are for the longitude of 33°E, while blue dots are for the longitude of 128°W. Panel (a) shows molecular oxygen densities as observed by the GOLD instrument for one star, HD74280, between January 2019 and July 2021. Panel (b) are results from the MSISE-00 empirical model sampled for the same locations and conditions as the GOLD observations. Panel (c) is as panel (b) but for the MSIS2.0 empirical model. Panel (d) shows the SD-WACCM-X model sampled for the GOLD observations. The observations show a distinctly diurnal structure in local time, while all the model results indicate a semidiurnal structure.</p> </figcaption> </figure> <p>This paper compares new observations from the Global-scale Observations of Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission of molecular oxygen (O2) in the lower thermosphere (130 - 200 km in altitude) to widely used models in the aeronomy community. The main finding is that the local time structure of the observed molecular oxygen has a minimum at 6 hours local time and a peak near 18 hours local time while the models all show a structure that has peaks at both 6 and 18 hours local time. This significant difference not only influences the total neutral thermospheric density results from the models, but may ultimately impact the calculated ionospheric plasma density and its temporal variability. Understanding ionospheric plasma densities is vital for the proper modeling of the propagation of communications and navigational signals.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news js-view-dom-id-860b6292cc53a10d26c50cc96065124f84df102df686314bb6d7f4b24492de48"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="views-view-grid horizontal cols-3 col-12 mb-2 mb-md-4"> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-1"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/news-article/hawaiis-mauna-loa-erupts-after-38-years-mauna-loa-solar-observatory-temporarily" hreflang="en"><img 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block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2022-06-17T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Fri, 06/17/2022 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/30" hreflang="en">Hanli Liu</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/103" hreflang="en">Katelynn Greer</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/16" hreflang="en">Nick Pedatella</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/7" hreflang="en">Earth&#039;s upper atmosphere</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/37" hreflang="en">GOLD</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/13" hreflang="en">modeling</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/35" hreflang="en">Sun-Earth connection</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Mon, 11 Jul 2022 20:39:20 +0000 kolinski 596 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu Impact of Thermospheric Wind Data Assimilation on Ionospheric Electrodynamics using a Coupled Whole Atmosphere Data Assimilation System https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/publication-highlight/impact-thermospheric-wind-data-assimilation-ionospheric-electrodynamics <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Impact of Thermospheric Wind Data Assimilation on Ionospheric Electrodynamics using a Coupled Whole Atmosphere Data Assimilation System</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">kolinski</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Thu, 03/03/2022 - 14:39</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/16">Nick Pedatella</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-subtitle"> <p class="field field--name-field-subtitle field--type-string field--label-above mb-4 mt-n4">Publication: Journal of Geophysical Research, Space Physics; Authors: Chih-Ting Hsu, Nick Pedatella, Jeff Anderson</p> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">kolinski</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Mar 3, 2022</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><figure class="align-right media media--type-image media--view-mode-default figure mb-1 mb-md-4"> <p> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/extra_large/public/2022-03/Hsu_Three%20Observing%20System%20Simulation%20Experiments%20%28OSSEs%29.jpg?itok=oru5jfrw" width="926" height="899" alt="Longitude-latitude maps of NmF2 from the NR (first column) and the difference of NmF2 between OSSEs and NR (second to fourth columns) at six different times." loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-extra-large img-fluid" /></p> <figcaption class="figure-caption pb-1"> <p>Three Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSEs) are carried out in this study. Thermospheric wind and temperature states are updated using synthetic data sampled from a Nature Run (NR) in this experiment. The updated thermospheric states will further change the plasma drift and electron density in the ionosphere. This figure shows the longitude-latitude maps of NmF2 from the NR (first column) and the difference of NmF2 between OSSEs and NR (second to fourth columns) at six different times. From top to bottom rows are maps at 1200 UT on 05, 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 December 2009. From the second to fourth columns are the difference of NmF2 between OSSE-MIGHTI-ELF, OSSE-MIGHTI-GC, and OSSE-GC and NR.</p> </figcaption> </figure> <p>The upward plasma drift and equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) in the Earth's ionosphere are strongly influenced by the zonal electric field, which is generated by the wind dynamo. Specification and forecasting of thermospheric winds thus plays an important role in ionospheric weather prediction. In this study, we assess the impact of assimilating thermospheric wind observations from the Michelson Interferometer for Global High-resolution Thermospheric Imaging (MIGHTI) instrument on NASA's Ionospheric CONnection (ICON) explorer satellite on the ionospheric electrodynamics. Empirical Localization Functions (ELFs) of ICON/MIGHTI zonal and meridional winds are also computed and applied to our data assimilation experiments, enabling improved assimilation of the ICON/MIGHTI wind observations. A set of Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSEs) are performed using the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere-ionosphere eXtension (WACCMX) with data assimilation provided by the Data Assimilation Research Testbed (DART) ensemble adjustment Kalman filter. The results show that assimilating the ICON/MIGHTI wind observations with the ELF improves the zonal and meridional wind root mean square error (RMSE) by 16-18% and 7-10%, respectively. The improved wind specification further improves the low-latitude ExB vertical drift RMSE by about 18%. The response of electron densities is slower, and the overall impact is smaller. The improvement of the ionosphere F-region maximum electron density (NmF2) between -45 to 45 degree is about 8% after 18 days of data assimilation.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news js-view-dom-id-58bf6ba869efea75d41937759680370cd2c26c2a2543396a784b22e8805f8711"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="views-view-grid horizontal cols-3 col-12 mb-2 mb-md-4"> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-1"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/news-article/hawaiis-mauna-loa-erupts-after-38-years-mauna-loa-solar-observatory-temporarily" hreflang="en"><img 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field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Maute_perturbationAmplitudes.jpg?itok=BRSLJoPb" width="480" height="326" alt="Seasonal variations of monthly-zonal-mean small-scale perturbation amplitudes" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 18, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Seasonal Variations of Small-Scale Waves observed by ICON-MIGHTI</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2022-03-01T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Tue, 03/01/2022 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/20" hreflang="en">Chih-Ting Hsu</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/16" hreflang="en">Nick Pedatella</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/7" hreflang="en">Earth&#039;s upper atmosphere</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/35" hreflang="en">Sun-Earth connection</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/17" hreflang="en">WACCM</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Thu, 03 Mar 2022 21:39:21 +0000 kolinski 414 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu Interhemispheric Coupling Mechanisms in the Middle Atmosphere of WACCM6 https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/publication-highlight/interhemispheric-coupling-mechanisms-middle-atmosphere-waccm6 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Interhemispheric Coupling Mechanisms in the Middle Atmosphere of WACCM6</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">kolinski</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Thu, 11/18/2021 - 12:30</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/16">Nick Pedatella</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-subtitle"> <p class="field field--name-field-subtitle field--type-string field--label-above mb-4 mt-n4">Publication Name: Journal of Atmospheric Sciences; First HAO Author&#039;s Name: Nick Pedatella</p> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">kolinski</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Nov 18, 2021</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Simulations with the Community Earth System Model 2 using the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model configuration, known as CESM2(WACCM6), show evidence of dynamical coupling from the high latitudes of the winter middle atmosphere to the tropics and the middle and high latitudes of the summer hemisphere.</p> <figure class="align-left media media--type-image media--view-mode-default figure mb-1 mb-md-4"> <p> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/extra_large/public/2021-11/PedatellaThreeWACCM-realizations.png?itok=PR9HJLx8" width="926" height="780" alt="Differences in the monthly mean temperature from the long-term average over three WACCM realizations" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-extra-large img-fluid" /></p> <figcaption class="figure-caption pb-1"> <p>Differences in the monthly mean temperature from the long-term average over three WACCM realizations. The months are sorted by the perturbation temperature in the high latitude winter stratosphere, specifically the region poleward of 60° and between 10 and 1 hPa (warmer than average in the left column; cooler in the middle column). The right column gives the differences of the two panels to the left. The top row is for NH winter in January and the bottom row is for SH winter in September. The contour interval is 2 K; the zero contour is not shown; and contours for 1 K and -1 K are shown as dashed lines. The numbers in parentheses show the number of months contributing to the average.</p> </figcaption> </figure> <p>Analysis of monthly and daily output covering 195 simulation years indicates that the response in the summer middle and high latitudes has a weak overall magnitude of a few Kelvin or less in temperature but has a repeatable pattern whose structure and phase agree with observational studies. Lag correlation indicates that perturbations in wave activity in the winter stratosphere, as quantified by EP flux divergence, are accompanied by perturbations in the transformed Eulerian mean meridional wind extending into the summer hemisphere. There is not an appreciable correlation with momentum forcing in the summer hemisphere by either resolved waves or parameterized gravity waves. The rapid circulation response and the lack of a wave response in the summer hemisphere suggest that the interhemispheric coupling that is simulated in WACCM6 in both the stratosphere and mesosphere owes its existence to a circulation that develops to restore balance to the zonally averaged state of the atmosphere. This is an alternative explanation for the coupling from the winter stratosphere to the summer mesosphere; previous studies have assumed a necessary role for wave activity in the summer hemisphere.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news js-view-dom-id-18e4ed925955cec43639b46a10d9d475a0ebe18e81598b4f21162dcdb7a1eee3"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="views-view-grid horizontal cols-3 col-12 mb-2 mb-md-4"> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-1"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/news-article/hawaiis-mauna-loa-erupts-after-38-years-mauna-loa-solar-observatory-temporarily" hreflang="en"><img 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src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Maute_maximumShear.jpg?itok=id9P5eHJ" width="480" height="241" alt="Example of maximum shear determination in zonal wind from 1 orbit of MIGHTI observations" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 14, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/horizontal-wind-shears-lower-thermosphere-observed-icon"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Horizontal wind shears in the lower thermosphere observed by ICON</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/investigation-post-sunset-extra-electron-density-peak-poleward" hreflang="en"><img 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src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Gibson_CavityWidths-SDO.AIA__0.png?itok=gN76eNR5" width="455" height="480" alt="Cavity widths observed by SDO/AIA" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 27, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/coronal-cavities-comp-observations"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Coronal Cavities in CoMP Observations</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/inter-hemispheric-asymmetries-high-latitude-electrodynamic-forcing-and" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Zhu_Temporal%20variations%20of%20the%20ion%20convection%20boundary.png?itok=xU0LXQHY" width="480" height="255" alt="Temporal variations of the ion convection boundary" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 14, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/inter-hemispheric-asymmetries-high-latitude-electrodynamic-forcing-and"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Inter-Hemispheric Asymmetries in the High-Latitude Electrodynamic Forcing and the Thermosphere During the October 8-9, 2012 Geomagnetic Storm: An Integrated Data-Model Investigation</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-4"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Maute_perturbationAmplitudes.jpg?itok=BRSLJoPb" width="480" height="326" alt="Seasonal variations of monthly-zonal-mean small-scale perturbation amplitudes" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 18, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Seasonal Variations of Small-Scale Waves observed by ICON-MIGHTI</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2020-01-07T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Tue, 01/07/2020 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/16" hreflang="en">Nick Pedatella</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/7" hreflang="en">Earth&#039;s upper atmosphere</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/13" hreflang="en">modeling</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/17" hreflang="en">WACCM</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Thu, 18 Nov 2021 19:30:34 +0000 kolinski 85 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu On the importance of interactive ozone chemistry in Earth-System models for studying MLT tidal changes during sudden stratospheric warmings https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/publication-highlight/importance-interactive-ozone-chemistry-earth-system-models-studying-mlt <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">On the importance of interactive ozone chemistry in Earth-System models for studying MLT tidal changes during sudden stratospheric warmings</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">kolinski</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Thu, 11/18/2021 - 12:17</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/16">Nick Pedatella</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-subtitle"> <p class="field field--name-field-subtitle field--type-string field--label-above mb-4 mt-n4">Publication Name: Journal of Geophysical Research–Space Physics; First HAO Author&#039;s Name: Tarique Siddiqui</p> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">kolinski</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Nov 18, 2021</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>We use the CESM2-WACCM, to study the importance of ozone in the vertical coupling between lower and upper atmosphere during SSWs. During SSWs, the build-up of stratospheric ozone concentrations at tropical latitudes and its increased asymmetrical distribution carries the potential to affect the generation of migrating and non-migrating semidiurnal solar tides.</p> <figure class="align-left media media--type-image media--view-mode-default figure mb-1 mb-md-4"> <p> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/extra_large/public/2021-11/Siddiqui-SW2_amplitudeNeutralTemperature.png?itok=XAsRdAed" width="926" height="540" alt="SW2 amplitude in neutral temperature" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-extra-large img-fluid" /></p> <figcaption class="figure-caption pb-1"> <p>SW2 amplitude in neutral temperature at 110 km for (a) SD-WACCM, and © SC-WACCM. The corresponding SW2 phases are presented in (b) and (d). The difference and percentage difference of SW2 amplitudes between the two simulations are presented in (e) and (f), respectively. The dashed black line in (e) and (f) mark the region in which the SW2 tidal amplitudes from SD-WACCM exceed 10 K. Below this value, the difference and percentage difference values are shaded in white in (e) and (f), respectively.</p> </figcaption> </figure> <p>Much of the upper atmospheric variability associated with SSWs is known to be driven by large changes in the vertically propagating semidiurnal migrating (SW2) and non-migrating (SW1 and SW3) solar tides. In this study, we investigate the effect of stratospheric ozone variability during SSWs on these solar tides. For this purpose, a case study of the 2009 SSW event is carried out using WACCM with two distinct simulation setups. In the first setup, the ozone concentrations are interactively calculated in the model and resemble the ozone observations during the 2009 SSW event while in the second setup, the ozone concentrations are specified using zonal mean values. We constrain both of the simulations to the MERRA-2 renanalysis so that the background atmosphere through which the solar tides propagate are almost identical in each case. Following the onset of the SSW, we find that in the vicinity of the peak enhancements of SW1, SW2 and SW3 in the MLT, the amplitudes of these semidiurnal solar tides to be approximately about 15-50% larger for the simulation with interactive ozone as compared to the one with prescribed ozone, indicating that the stratospheric ozone variability plays an important role in driving semidiurnal solar tidal changes during SSWs.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news js-view-dom-id-cc83ed5aaa514f3d8ce52a11a956ea53d69646dc9f5ccb115d41f123d7f0d98d"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="views-view-grid horizontal cols-3 col-12 mb-2 mb-md-4"> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-1"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field 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block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2020-02-05T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Wed, 02/05/2020 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/8" hreflang="en">Astrid Maute</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/16" hreflang="en">Nick Pedatella</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/7" hreflang="en">Earth&#039;s upper atmosphere</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/13" hreflang="en">modeling</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/17" hreflang="en">WACCM</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Thu, 18 Nov 2021 19:17:42 +0000 kolinski 82 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu Thermospheric composition O/N2 response to an altered meridional mean circulation during Sudden Stratospheric Warmings observed by GOLD https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/publication-highlight/thermospheric-composition-on2-response-altered-meridional-mean <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Thermospheric composition O/N2 response to an altered meridional mean circulation during Sudden Stratospheric Warmings observed by GOLD</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">kolinski</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Thu, 11/18/2021 - 11:50</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/16">Nick Pedatella</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-subtitle"> <p class="field field--name-field-subtitle field--type-string field--label-above mb-4 mt-n4">Publication Name: Geophysical Research Letters; First HAO Author&#039;s Name: Nick Pedatella</p> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">kolinski</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Nov 18, 2021</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>GOLD measurements provide the first observational proof of model predictions that the break up of the stratospheric polar vortex changes the composition of the thermosphere.</p> <figure class="align-left media media--type-image media--view-mode-default figure mb-1 mb-md-4"> <p> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/extra_large/public/2021-11/Pedatella_Gold.png?itok=_nOU9jcp" width="926" height="400" alt="GOLD plots" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-extra-large img-fluid" /></p> <figcaption class="figure-caption pb-1"> <p>(a) GOLD O/N2 ratios for 15 December 2018 (day 349, geomagnetic quiet, SZA&lt; 80, 113W to 19E), averaged over all 30 minute cadence images taken during daytime. (b) Time series of O/N2 daytime means averaged over all observed longitudes as a function of geographic latitude (color contours), along with 10 hPa mean zonal winds in the stratosphere at 60N from MERRA-2 (black line). A SSW occurred around day 370 with onset on day 355. The lower panel shows the 3-hourly Kp index (black) and the F10.7 cm radio flux. © Same as (b) but with mean, annual and semi-annual components removed, using all available Level 2 data (6 Oct 2018 – 13 Aug 2019). Plotted as percent deviation.</p> </figcaption> </figure> <p>The important O/N2 ratio is depleted by ~10% through a rather complex chain of processes that connect global-scale waves from the lower atmosphere, wave dissipation, mean meridional circulation, turbulent eddy transport, and molecular diffusion to produce a global O/N2 reduction in the thermosphere. The observed composition changes will likely impact Earth’s ionospheric plasma environment and imply a substantial impact of the lower and middle atmosphere on space weather.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news js-view-dom-id-9db73f309da9a949340749c9feca8971010be1cf7342553498a5eb6601c68b10"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="views-view-grid horizontal cols-3 col-12 mb-2 mb-md-4"> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-1"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/news-article/hawaiis-mauna-loa-erupts-after-38-years-mauna-loa-solar-observatory-temporarily" hreflang="en"><img 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field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Maute_perturbationAmplitudes.jpg?itok=BRSLJoPb" width="480" height="326" alt="Seasonal variations of monthly-zonal-mean small-scale perturbation amplitudes" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 18, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Seasonal Variations of Small-Scale Waves observed by ICON-MIGHTI</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2020-02-12T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Wed, 02/12/2020 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/16" hreflang="en">Nick Pedatella</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/7" hreflang="en">Earth&#039;s upper atmosphere</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/37" hreflang="en">GOLD</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Thu, 18 Nov 2021 18:50:45 +0000 kolinski 78 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu Assimilation of Ionosphere Observations in the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere-ionosphere eXtension (WACCMX) https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/publication-highlight/assimilation-ionosphere-observations-whole-atmosphere-community-climate <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Assimilation of Ionosphere Observations in the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere-ionosphere eXtension (WACCMX)</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">kolinski</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Tue, 11/16/2021 - 16:03</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/16">Nick Pedatella</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-subtitle"> <p class="field field--name-field-subtitle field--type-string field--label-above mb-4 mt-n4">Publication: Journal of Geophysical Research, Space Physics; First HAO Author: Nick Pedatella; Authors names listed in article: N. M. Pedatella, J. L. Anderson, C. H. Chen, K. Raeder, J. Liu, H.-L. Liu, and C.H. Lin</p> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">kolinski</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Nov 16, 2021</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The Earth’s upper atmosphere impacts a wide range of technologies, including satellite communication and navigation signals. Specification and forecasting of the upper atmosphere are critical for mitigating these effects. Improved specification of the state of the upper atmosphere can also improve scientific understanding of this region.</p> <figure class="align-left media media--type-image media--view-mode-default figure mb-1 mb-md-4"> <p> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/extra_large/public/2021-11/Pedatella_WACCMX%2BDART.png?itok=PtcgEH5Q" width="926" height="1111" alt="(a) Root mean square error and (b) bias in WACCMX+DART experiments compared to ground-based Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) total electron content observations for the 1 hr forecast (F) and analysis (A)" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-extra-large img-fluid" /></p> <figcaption class="figure-caption pb-1"> <p>(a) Root mean square error and (b) bias in WACCMX+DART experiments compared to ground-based Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) total electron content observations for the 1 hr forecast (F) and analysis (A). Results are presented for three experiments: (1) no ionosphere assimilation; (2) ionosphere assimilation with no impact on the thermosphere; and (3) ionosphere assimilation with impact on the thermosphere. The results demonstrate the significant reduction in RMSE and bias when assimilating ionosphere observations.</p> </figcaption> </figure> <p>Data assimilation, which statistically combines a background model with observations, has recently been adopted as a means to improve upper atmosphere specification and forecasting. However, data assimilation systems focused on the upper atmosphere typically have lower boundaries near 100 km, and they do not consider the variability in wave forcing that originates at lower altitudes. This represents a limitation due to the known importance of lower atmosphere forcing on the day-to-day variability of the ionosphere. The current study presents initial results of the assimilation of ionosphere observations in a whole atmosphere model that extends from the surface to ~500-700 km. The model is based on the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere-ionosphere eXtension (WACCMX) with data assimilation provided by the Data Assimilation Research Testbed (DART) ensemble Kalman filter. The results demonstrate the positive impact of assimilating ionosphere observations on both short-term forecasts and analysis fields. This represents the first demonstration of a data assimilation system capable of assimilating observations from throughout the entire atmosphere (0-500 km).</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news js-view-dom-id-6b15908392cbaf13149a1d5152f83d0d1bc7158d0673707f0203c0c46d5446d5"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="views-view-grid horizontal cols-3 col-12 mb-2 mb-md-4"> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-1"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/news-article/hawaiis-mauna-loa-erupts-after-38-years-mauna-loa-solar-observatory-temporarily" hreflang="en"><img 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field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Maute_perturbationAmplitudes.jpg?itok=BRSLJoPb" width="480" height="326" alt="Seasonal variations of monthly-zonal-mean small-scale perturbation amplitudes" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 18, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Seasonal Variations of Small-Scale Waves observed by ICON-MIGHTI</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2020-07-16T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Thu, 07/16/2020 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/16" hreflang="en">Nick Pedatella</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/7" hreflang="en">Earth&#039;s upper atmosphere</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/17" hreflang="en">WACCM</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Tue, 16 Nov 2021 23:03:15 +0000 kolinski 55 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu