Wenbin Wang https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/ en Thermospheric Neutral Density Variation during the "SpaceX" Storm: Implications from Physics-based Whole Geospace Modeling https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/publication-highlight/thermospheric-neutral-density-variation-during-spacex-storm-implications <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Thermospheric Neutral Density Variation during the &quot;SpaceX&quot; Storm: Implications from Physics-based Whole Geospace Modeling</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/6" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">whawkins</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/23/2022 - 11:32</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/9">Wenbin Wang</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">whawkins</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Nov 23, 2022</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><em>Space Weather</em>—<strong>Dong Lin</strong>, <strong>Wenbin Wang</strong>, Katherine Garcia-Sage, Jia Yue, Viacheslav Merkin, <strong>Joseph McInerney</strong>, <strong>Kevin Pham</strong>, Kareem Sorathia</p> <figure class="align-right media media--type-image media--view-mode-default figure mb-1 mb-md-4"> <p> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/extra_large/public/2022-11/Lin_NeutralDensity_star.png?itok=mS48TxiW" width="926" height="951" alt="Neutral density variations along the Starlink orbit" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-extra-large img-fluid" /></p> <figcaption class="figure-caption pb-1"> <p>Neutral density variations along the Starlink orbit calculated by (a) MAGE, (b) TIEGCM, (c) DTM-2012, and (d) NRLMSIS 2.0. (e) Relative variations of neutral density based on the values on February 1 at the same UT and location. (f) Starlink altitude. (g) The Ap index used to drive NRLMSIS 2.0.</p> </figcaption> </figure> <p>On February 3, 2022, 40 Starlink satellites were launched by the SpaceX Corporation when a moderate geomagnetic storm occurred, followed by another storm on February 4. The storm activities have been regarded as the culprit for the loss of the Starlink satellites afterwards. Although strong geomagnetic storms are well-known to be able to increase the neutral atmospheric mass density so as to satellite drag in the thermosphere where many space vehicles are orbiting around the Earth, a not-so-strong storm was not expected to bring such huge impacts based on engineering design evaluation using empirical atmospheric density models. This study compares the performance of a state-of-the-art physics-based, fully coupled whole geospace model and empirical models in predicting the neutral mass density variation in the thermosphere. It turns out that the physics-based model is more accurate in capturing the magnitude of storm enhancement of neutral density. It also resolves the gradual recovery process even though it is not reflected in some geomagnetic indices that are used to drive the empirical models. Using such first-principles whole geospace model is suggested as a necessary step in future space weather applications.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news js-view-dom-id-d584c10c3e8e838b5a4a11df463faa768f0f0899472d921810f03b070af51dab"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="views-view-grid horizontal cols-3 col-12 mb-2 mb-md-4"> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-1"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/news-article/hawaiis-mauna-loa-erupts-after-38-years-mauna-loa-solar-observatory-temporarily" hreflang="en"><img 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block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2022-11-23T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Wed, 11/23/2022 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/111" hreflang="en">Dong Lin</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/28" hreflang="en">Joseph McInerney</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/56" hreflang="en">Kevin Pham</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/9" hreflang="en">Wenbin Wang</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/62" hreflang="en">space weather</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Wed, 23 Nov 2022 18:32:53 +0000 whawkins 756 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu Investigation of the Post-Sunset Extra Electron Density Peak Poleward of the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly Southern Crest https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/publication-highlight/investigation-post-sunset-extra-electron-density-peak-poleward <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Investigation of the Post-Sunset Extra Electron Density Peak Poleward of the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly Southern Crest</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/6" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">whawkins</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Tue, 10/18/2022 - 10:36</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/9">Wenbin Wang</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">whawkins</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Oct 18, 2022</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><em><a href="https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2022JA030755">JGR Space Physics</a>—<strong>Xuguang Cai</strong>, <strong>Liying Qian</strong>, <strong>Wenbin Wang</strong>, <strong>Joseph M. McInerney</strong>, <strong>Han-Li Liu</strong>, and Richard W. Eastes</em></p> <p>The Global-scale observation of limb and disk mission observed an extra electron density (Ne) peak after sunset at approximately 30°S near 40°W on 4 November 2019, which is poleward and immediately next to the southern equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) crest. This Ne peak is different from previously reported mid-latitude peaks that occur at all local times. The Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model-eXtended captures this phenomenon. Model diagnostic analysis reveals that the decrease of Ne and hmF2 between 15° and 25°S makes Ne near 30°S appear as an extra density peak relative to the southern EIA crest. Transport by poleward meridional wind decreases Ne between 15° and 25°S. Moreover, the upward E × B drifts due to pre-reversal enhancement lift the plasma between the dip equator and 15°S but do not affect Ne much between 15° and 25°S with a low drift speed. Comparison with days without the extra peak shows the importance of E × B drift latitudinal variations on the extra peak formation. This study provides new insights into the dynamic variability of the nighttime ionosphere.</p> <figure class="media media--type-image media--view-mode-default figure mb-1 mb-md-4"> <p> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/extra_large/public/2022-10/Qian%2CLiying_Lat-longDistr.NmF2simula.png?itok=gKrHgOM1" width="926" height="482" alt="Latitude-longitude distribution and NmF2 simulation" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-extra-large img-fluid" /></p> <figcaption class="figure-caption pb-1"> <p>Latitude-longitude distribution of OI 135.6 nm radiance observed by GOLD (top) and NmF2 simulated by WACCM-X (bottom) from 21:55 UT to 22:55 UT on DOY 308 in 2019.</p> </figcaption> </figure> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news 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href="/news/publication-highlight/synthetic-lyman-emissions-coronagraph-aboard-aso-s-mission-i-eruptive"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Synthetic Lyman-α Emissions for the coronagraph aboard the ASO-S mission I: an Eruptive Prominence-cavity System</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-2"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/news-article/remembering-charlie-garcia" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-11/17.charlie_garcia_4.jpg?itok=4aE7GWqs" width="309" height="480" alt="Charlie outdoors at Mauna Loa with windswept hair" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Nov 3, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/news-article/remembering-charlie-garcia"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Remembering Charlie Garcia</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/horizontal-wind-shears-lower-thermosphere-observed-icon" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Maute_maximumShear.jpg?itok=id9P5eHJ" width="480" height="241" alt="Example of maximum shear determination in zonal wind from 1 orbit of MIGHTI observations" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 14, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/horizontal-wind-shears-lower-thermosphere-observed-icon"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Horizontal wind shears in the lower thermosphere observed by ICON</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/investigation-post-sunset-extra-electron-density-peak-poleward" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Qian%2CLiying_Lat-longDistr.NmF2simula.png?itok=HZnaJDN2" width="480" height="250" alt="Latitude-longitude distribution and NmF2 simulation" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 18, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/investigation-post-sunset-extra-electron-density-peak-poleward"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Investigation of the Post-Sunset Extra Electron Density Peak Poleward of the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly Southern Crest</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-3"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/lagrangian-study-tidal-advection-mesospheric-water-vapor" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Pedatella_DW1advectedH2O.png?itok=QXmqdjt2" width="479" height="480" alt="DW1 advected H2O volume mixing ratio" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 19, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/lagrangian-study-tidal-advection-mesospheric-water-vapor"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">A Lagrangian Study of Tidal Advection of Mesospheric Water Vapor</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/coronal-cavities-comp-observations" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Gibson_CavityWidths-SDO.AIA__0.png?itok=gN76eNR5" width="455" height="480" alt="Cavity widths observed by SDO/AIA" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 27, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/coronal-cavities-comp-observations"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Coronal Cavities in CoMP Observations</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/inter-hemispheric-asymmetries-high-latitude-electrodynamic-forcing-and" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Zhu_Temporal%20variations%20of%20the%20ion%20convection%20boundary.png?itok=xU0LXQHY" width="480" height="255" alt="Temporal variations of the ion convection boundary" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 14, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/inter-hemispheric-asymmetries-high-latitude-electrodynamic-forcing-and"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Inter-Hemispheric Asymmetries in the High-Latitude Electrodynamic Forcing and the Thermosphere During the October 8-9, 2012 Geomagnetic Storm: An Integrated Data-Model Investigation</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-4"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Maute_perturbationAmplitudes.jpg?itok=BRSLJoPb" width="480" height="326" alt="Seasonal variations of monthly-zonal-mean small-scale perturbation amplitudes" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 18, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Seasonal Variations of Small-Scale Waves observed by ICON-MIGHTI</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2022-10-18T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Tue, 10/18/2022 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/30" hreflang="en">Hanli Liu</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/28" hreflang="en">Joseph McInerney</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/27" hreflang="en">Liying Qian</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/9" hreflang="en">Wenbin Wang</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/38" hreflang="en">Xuguang Cai</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/17" hreflang="en">WACCM</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Tue, 18 Oct 2022 16:36:05 +0000 whawkins 739 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu Neutral composition and temperature responses to the 20-21 November 2003 Superstorm from GUVI dayside limb measurements https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/publication-highlight/neutral-composition-and-temperature-responses-20-21-november-2003 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Neutral composition and temperature responses to the 20-21 November 2003 Superstorm from GUVI dayside limb measurements</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/6" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">whawkins</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 10/12/2022 - 14:42</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/9">Wenbin Wang</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">whawkins</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Oct 12, 2022</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><figure class="align-right media media--type-image media--view-mode-default figure mb-1 mb-md-4"> <p> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/extra_large/public/2022-10/Wang_Altitudinal-latitudinal-ImagesO-perturbations.png?itok=FEKwHBZ8" width="926" height="547" alt="Altitudinal and Latitudinal Images" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-extra-large img-fluid" /></p> <figcaption class="figure-caption pb-1"> <p>Altitudinal and latitudinal images of O perturbations (storm-quite) along 14 GUVI limb tracks on DOY 324 and the first 9 tracks on DOY 325. The local solar time at the equator was ~13.5 h, and the corresponding UTs are as labeled. In each panel the gray curve indicates the zero value.</p> </figcaption> </figure> <p>Tingting Yu, <strong>Wenbin Wang</strong>, Zhipeng Ren, and Jia Yue use TIMED/GUVI limb measurements of FUV airglow emission to investigate thermospheric composition and temperature responses to the 20-21 November 2003 (day of year (DOY) 324 and 325) superstorm. Altitude profiles of O, N2 number densities and temperature on the storm days along the GUVI limb tracks are compared with those on DOY 323 (quiet time). The storm-time composition and temperature responses were global and evolved continuously as the storm progressed. N2 and temperature increased globally at all altitudes during the storm with similar perturbation structures. The magnitudes of their enhancements both increased with altitude and latitude. The storm-induced O perturbations decreased in the lower thermosphere but increased in the upper thermosphere. Transition heights of O perturbations from decrease to increase changed with latitude and time. There was large hemispheric asymmetry in O and N2 responses as they have different morphologies and lifetime, especially in the storm recovery phase.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news js-view-dom-id-d0fee011d2666d79138239d371661e163b48cd355aae70f69ef008995c6c1ce2"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="views-view-grid horizontal cols-3 col-12 mb-2 mb-md-4"> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-1"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/news-article/hawaiis-mauna-loa-erupts-after-38-years-mauna-loa-solar-observatory-temporarily" hreflang="en"><img 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field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Maute_perturbationAmplitudes.jpg?itok=BRSLJoPb" width="480" height="326" alt="Seasonal variations of monthly-zonal-mean small-scale perturbation amplitudes" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 18, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Seasonal Variations of Small-Scale Waves observed by ICON-MIGHTI</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2022-10-12T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Wed, 10/12/2022 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/9" hreflang="en">Wenbin Wang</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Wed, 12 Oct 2022 20:42:42 +0000 whawkins 729 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu Penetrating Electric Field Simulated by the MAGE and Comparison with ICON Observation https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/publication-highlight/penetrating-electric-field-simulated-mage-and-comparison-icon-0 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Penetrating Electric Field Simulated by the MAGE and Comparison with ICON Observation</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/6" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">whawkins</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 09/21/2022 - 11:55</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/9">Wenbin Wang</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">whawkins</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Sep 21, 2022</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p><em>JGR Space Physics:  </em><strong>Qian Wu</strong>, <strong>Wenbin Wang</strong>, <strong>Dong Lin</strong>, Chaosong Huang, and Yongliang Zhang use the newly developed, Multiscale Atmosphere-Geospace Environment (MAGE) model to simulate the penetrating electric field in the equatorial region under different interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) BZ conditions during September 2020. Two intervals were selected for detailed analysis and the latter one was compared with the vertical ion drift data from the NASA Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON) satellite. The MAGE simulations show that in southward IMF (S-IMF) cases, the dawn-dusk electric potential drop at the equator is about 12% of the cross polar cap potential difference. Based on the MAGE simulation, the dawn-dusk potential drop at the equator varies nearly instantaneously on the order of a few minutes with the changes in the IMF BZ or interplanetary electric field, which in turn alters the vertical ion drift. The daytime changes of the equatorial vertical ion drift in response to the penetrating electric field related to the IMF BZ are only half of that during the nighttime. ICON data, though not inconsistent with the simulation, were not able to verify the occurrence of penetrating electric field because of its unfavorable location at the time. The MAGE simulation shows a pre-reversal enhancement (PRE) during southward IMF cases, but the PRE was absent in the ICON IVM observations. Further observations and modeling are needed to resolve this discrepancy.</p> <figure class="media media--type-image media--view-mode-default figure mb-1 mb-md-4"> <p> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/extra_large/public/2022-09/Qian_NightsideVerticalIonDrift.png?itok=G1_lpGff" width="926" height="543" alt="6 blue earth images showing the progression of nightside vertical ion drift" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-extra-large img-fluid" /></p> <figcaption class="figure-caption pb-1"> <p>Nightside vertical ion drift at the magnetic equator (black arrows downward drift shown as pointing southward in the figure) of September 24, 05-06 UT (A). Background is the nmf2 from the MAGE. Dusk is on the left. EIAs are clearly seen on the duskside. PRE is present in the first case. The vertical ion drift varies with IMF Bz component and equatorial electric field. During S-IMF cases, the vertical ion drifts are mostly downward. The scale vector is for 20 m/s.</p> </figcaption> </figure> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news js-view-dom-id-6aa690971820b1df9e60d43f25ec50ab6924d8b99561cb368a81dbb5ecee25c3"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="views-view-grid horizontal cols-3 col-12 mb-2 mb-md-4"> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-1"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/news-article/hawaiis-mauna-loa-erupts-after-38-years-mauna-loa-solar-observatory-temporarily" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-11/MLeruptionLava.png?itok=NHfdX7TB" width="480" height="320" alt="Mauna Loa November 2022 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href="/news/publication-highlight/inter-hemispheric-asymmetries-high-latitude-electrodynamic-forcing-and"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Inter-Hemispheric Asymmetries in the High-Latitude Electrodynamic Forcing and the Thermosphere During the October 8-9, 2012 Geomagnetic Storm: An Integrated Data-Model Investigation</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-4"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Maute_perturbationAmplitudes.jpg?itok=BRSLJoPb" width="480" height="326" alt="Seasonal variations of monthly-zonal-mean small-scale perturbation amplitudes" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 18, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Seasonal Variations of Small-Scale Waves observed by ICON-MIGHTI</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2022-09-21T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Wed, 09/21/2022 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/18" hreflang="en">Qian Wu</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/9" hreflang="en">Wenbin Wang</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Wed, 21 Sep 2022 17:55:07 +0000 whawkins 704 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu The effects of IMF By on the middle thermosphere during a geomagnetically “quiet” period at solar minimum https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/publication-highlight/effects-imf-middle-thermosphere-during-geomagnetically-quiet-period <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The effects of IMF By on the middle thermosphere during a geomagnetically “quiet” period at solar minimum</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">kolinski</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Mon, 07/11/2022 - 15:02</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/9">Wenbin Wang</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-subtitle"> <p class="field field--name-field-subtitle field--type-string field--label-above mb-4 mt-n4">Publication: JR Space Physics; Authors: Xuguang Cai, Wenbin Wang, Alan Burns, Liying Qian, Richard W. Eastes</p> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">kolinski</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Jul 11, 2022</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><figure class="align-left media media--type-image media--view-mode-default figure mb-1 mb-md-4"> <p> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/extra_large/public/2022-07/Cai_nfig1.png?itok=jUK_Zur4" width="926" height="405" alt="The polar view of the percentage difference of simulated ∑O/N2 and GOLD observed ∑O/N2 between DOY 111 and 110 at 15:10 UT in 2019. The perimeter latitude is 30°N" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-extra-large img-fluid" /></p> <figcaption class="figure-caption pb-1"> <p>The polar view of the percentage difference of simulated ∑O/N2 and GOLD observed ∑O/N2 between DOY 111 and 110 at 15:10 UT in 2019. The perimeter latitude is 30°N</p> </figcaption> </figure> <p>Numerical simulations using the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) thermosphere-ionosphere-electrodynamics general circulation model (TIE-GCM) are performed to elucidate the effects of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) on the middle thermosphere composition during a “geomagnetically quiet” period from the day of year (DOY) 110-111 in 2019 (when the Auroral electrojet (AE) index never exceeded 300 nT and the Kp never exceeded 2). In particular, this paper aims to examine how the Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission observed daytime thermospheric O and N2 column density ratio (∑O/N2) depletion at mid-latitudes originated under such a “geomagnetically quiet” condition. A comparison of electric potential, Joule heating rate per unit mass, ion velocity, neutral temperature and winds in the middle thermosphere (∼160 km) between real IMF and without the IMF east-west component (By) indicates that a By dominant condition can enhance their strengths under this “geomagnetically quiet” condition. Consequently, ∑O/N2 depletion with a stronger magnitude (30% compared with ∼8% without By) and larger disturbed area was introduced in the post-midnight sector at high-latitudes due to strong and localized upwelling associated with the enhanced Joule heating rate per unit mass. The ∑O/N2 depletion was transported equatorward and corotated from local post-midnight to early morning, and was observed by GOLD at middle latitudes during daytime.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news js-view-dom-id-b1db17728198efffa27b07949d96db3038a59bcb17c1527ea9389e2a18e4291a"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="views-view-grid horizontal cols-3 col-12 mb-2 mb-md-4"> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-1"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/news-article/hawaiis-mauna-loa-erupts-after-38-years-mauna-loa-solar-observatory-temporarily" hreflang="en"><img 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src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Zhu_Temporal%20variations%20of%20the%20ion%20convection%20boundary.png?itok=xU0LXQHY" width="480" height="255" alt="Temporal variations of the ion convection boundary" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 14, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/inter-hemispheric-asymmetries-high-latitude-electrodynamic-forcing-and"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Inter-Hemispheric Asymmetries in the High-Latitude Electrodynamic Forcing and the Thermosphere During the October 8-9, 2012 Geomagnetic Storm: An Integrated Data-Model Investigation</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-4"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field 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block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2022-05-05T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Thu, 05/05/2022 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/31" hreflang="en">Alan Burns</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/27" hreflang="en">Liying Qian</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/9" hreflang="en">Wenbin Wang</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/38" hreflang="en">Xuguang Cai</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/7" hreflang="en">Earth&#039;s upper atmosphere</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/37" hreflang="en">GOLD</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/13" hreflang="en">modeling</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/25" hreflang="en">TIEGCM</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Mon, 11 Jul 2022 21:02:35 +0000 kolinski 599 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu NASA Features Research by HAO Scientist Xuguang Cai https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/news-article/nasa-features-research-hao-scientist-xuguang-cai <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">NASA Features Research by HAO Scientist Xuguang Cai</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">kolinski</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Thu, 11/18/2021 - 13:58</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/9">Wenbin Wang</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">kolinski</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Nov 18, 2021</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Since 2017, HAO has provided scientific support and analysis for NASA's Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD).&nbsp;This mission includes a ultraviolet imaging spectrograph that flies on a commercial communications satellite in geostationary orbit taking images of the Earth's thermosphere and ionosphere. NASA's recent featured article discusses the "unexpected behavior" captured by GOLD images. The article quotes Dr.Xuguang Cai, a researcher at HAO: "Since GOLD is on a geostationary satellite, we can capture 2D time evolution of these dynamics." Recently, several of Dr. Cai's research papers have been reported by NASA.gov, and are cited on these pages:</p> <ul> <li> <p><a href="https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2021/gold-s-bird-s-eye-reveals-dynamics-in-earth-s-interface-to-space">GOLD’s Bird’s-Eye Reveals Dynamics in Earth’s Interface to Space</a></p> </li> <li> <p><a href="https://blogs.nasa.gov/sunspot/2021/08/30/golds-top-down-view-of-our-atmosphere/">GOLD’s Top-Down View of Our Atmosphere</a></p> </li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news js-view-dom-id-47f6582961caefe2d1b63f3ae1f86dfda623504750ff3490e4e01a6405cf4251"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="views-view-grid horizontal cols-3 col-12 mb-2 mb-md-4"> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-1"> <div class="col"><div 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field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Maute_perturbationAmplitudes.jpg?itok=BRSLJoPb" width="480" height="326" alt="Seasonal variations of monthly-zonal-mean small-scale perturbation amplitudes" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 18, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Seasonal Variations of Small-Scale Waves observed by ICON-MIGHTI</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2021-09-07T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Tue, 09/07/2021 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/31" hreflang="en">Alan Burns</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/32" hreflang="en">Jing Liu</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/27" hreflang="en">Liying Qian</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/29" hreflang="en">Stan Solomon</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/9" hreflang="en">Wenbin Wang</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/38" hreflang="en">Xuguang Cai</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/37" hreflang="en">GOLD</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Thu, 18 Nov 2021 20:58:13 +0000 kolinski 87 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu HIWIND Observation of Summer Season Polar Cap Thermospheric Winds https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/publication-highlight/hiwind-observation-summer-season-polar-cap-thermospheric-winds <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">HIWIND Observation of Summer Season Polar Cap Thermospheric Winds</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">kolinski</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Thu, 11/18/2021 - 12:10</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/9">Wenbin Wang</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-subtitle"> <p class="field field--name-field-subtitle field--type-string field--label-above mb-4 mt-n4">Publication Name: JGR Space Physics; First HAO Author&#039;s Name: Qian Wu</p> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">kolinski</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Nov 18, 2021</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>HIWIND (High altitude Interferometer WIND experiment) is a balloon borne Fabry Perot interferometer (FPI) for daytime thermospheric wind observations. In this paper, we examine the summer polar cap thermospheric winds observed by HIWIND with the RISR-C (Resolute Incoherent Scatter Radar-Canada) observed ion drifts and electron densities.</p> <figure class="align-left media media--type-image media--view-mode-default figure mb-1 mb-md-4"> <p> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/extra_large/public/2021-11/QianHiWindfig3.jpg?itok=fYDlk2-V" width="926" height="680" alt="HIWIND thermospheric winds" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-extra-large img-fluid" /></p> <figcaption class="figure-caption pb-1"> <p>HIWIND thermospheric winds (magenta points) and TIEGCM NSEP (green 435 solid-lines) and MSEP (green dashed-lines) simulated winds are plotted on the left. 436 RISR-C ion drift observations (yellow line) and TIEGCM NSEP (blue solid-lines) and 437 MSEP (blue dashed-lines) simulated ion drifts are on the right. Local midnight is close 438 to 6 UT and noon at 18 UT. The key point of the paper is that the TIEGCM simulation greatly overestimate thermospheric winds in the polar cap.</p> </figcaption> </figure> <p>We also perform NCAR TIEGCM (Thermosphere Ionosphere Electrodynamics General Circulation Model) simulations to compare with the HIWIND and RISR-C observations. The standard TIEGCM underestimates the high-latitude electron density and overestimates the thermospheric winds. The discrepancies between modeled and observed meridional winds are large near midnight and noon. After increasing the energy flux in the polar cap drizzle, the simulated electron density is comparable with the RISR-C observations. However, large discrepancies with the HIWIND observed thermospheric winds persist. The cause of the model versus observation discrepancy in winds is probably due to the processes outside the polar cap.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news js-view-dom-id-87e194032d89ab8bf3941fa38d2b20b680043a362edd2b2cc8e91feab63315a8"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="views-view-grid horizontal cols-3 col-12 mb-2 mb-md-4"> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-1"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/news-article/hawaiis-mauna-loa-erupts-after-38-years-mauna-loa-solar-observatory-temporarily" hreflang="en"><img 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src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Maute_maximumShear.jpg?itok=id9P5eHJ" width="480" height="241" alt="Example of maximum shear determination in zonal wind from 1 orbit of MIGHTI observations" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 14, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/horizontal-wind-shears-lower-thermosphere-observed-icon"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Horizontal wind shears in the lower thermosphere observed by ICON</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/investigation-post-sunset-extra-electron-density-peak-poleward" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Qian%2CLiying_Lat-longDistr.NmF2simula.png?itok=HZnaJDN2" width="480" height="250" alt="Latitude-longitude distribution and NmF2 simulation" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 18, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/investigation-post-sunset-extra-electron-density-peak-poleward"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Investigation of the Post-Sunset Extra Electron Density Peak Poleward of the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly Southern Crest</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-3"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a 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src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Gibson_CavityWidths-SDO.AIA__0.png?itok=gN76eNR5" width="455" height="480" alt="Cavity widths observed by SDO/AIA" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 27, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/coronal-cavities-comp-observations"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Coronal Cavities in CoMP Observations</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/inter-hemispheric-asymmetries-high-latitude-electrodynamic-forcing-and" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Zhu_Temporal%20variations%20of%20the%20ion%20convection%20boundary.png?itok=xU0LXQHY" width="480" height="255" alt="Temporal variations of the ion convection boundary" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 14, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/inter-hemispheric-asymmetries-high-latitude-electrodynamic-forcing-and"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Inter-Hemispheric Asymmetries in the High-Latitude Electrodynamic Forcing and the Thermosphere During the October 8-9, 2012 Geomagnetic Storm: An Integrated Data-Model Investigation</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-4"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Maute_perturbationAmplitudes.jpg?itok=BRSLJoPb" width="480" height="326" alt="Seasonal variations of monthly-zonal-mean small-scale perturbation amplitudes" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 18, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Seasonal Variations of Small-Scale Waves observed by ICON-MIGHTI</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2020-02-05T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Wed, 02/05/2020 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/63" hreflang="en">Delores Knipp</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/32" hreflang="en">Jing Liu</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/9" hreflang="en">Wenbin Wang</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Thu, 18 Nov 2021 19:10:39 +0000 kolinski 81 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu Responses of the Thermosphere and Ionosphere System to Concurrent Solar Flares and Geomagnetic Storms https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/publication-highlight/responses-thermosphere-and-ionosphere-system-concurrent-solar-flares-and <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Responses of the Thermosphere and Ionosphere System to Concurrent Solar Flares and Geomagnetic Storms</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">kolinski</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/17/2021 - 10:13</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/9">Wenbin Wang</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-subtitle"> <p class="field field--name-field-subtitle field--type-string field--label-above mb-4 mt-n4">Publication Name: JGR; Author&#039;s Names: Liying Qian, Wenbin Wang, Alan G. Burns, Phillip C. Chamberlin, Stanley C. Solomon</p> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">kolinski</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Nov 17, 2021</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>We conducted numerical simulations to examine dayside thermosphere and ionosphere responses to concurrent solar flares and a geomagnetic storm during September 6th – September 11th, 2017, as well as the interplay of flare and storm effects. We found that E-region electron density response to the flares was much smaller inside the auroral oval than it was outside the auroral oval due to an extra source of ionization by auroral particle precipitation. During quiet times in this period, flare enhanced ionization, which decreased daytime eastward electric fields, caused an initial weakening of the vertical E x B drifts.</p> <figure class="align-left media media--type-image media--view-mode-default figure mb-1 mb-md-4"> <p> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/extra_large/public/2021-11/Qian_simulatedVertical-ExB-DriftVelocity.jpg?itok=7HV86LaM" width="926" height="682" alt="The simulated vertical E x B drift velocity (Wi), and the changes of the vertical drift velocity due to the flares, at 300 km and12:00 LT (September 6th – September 11th, 2017)" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-extra-large img-fluid" /></p> <figcaption class="figure-caption pb-1"> <p>The simulated vertical E x B drift velocity (Wi), and the changes of the vertical drift velocity due to the flares, at 300 km and12:00 LT (September 6th – September 11th, 2017). (a) Wi using the flare spectrum and observed Kp; (b) Wi using the daily spectrum and observed Kp; (c) the difference between (a) and (b), which is the response to the flares in the presence of the storm; (d) the GOES X-ray energy flux in 0.1 – 0.8nm; (e) the Dst index. The vertical dashed lines indicate the flare peaks.</p> </figcaption> </figure> <p>This weakening of the vertical E x B drifts was on the order of ~ 20% for an X8.2 flare in this period. During storm times, flare-induced initial changes of the vertical plasma drifts varied between being positive and being negative, depending on latitudes, due to storm-time disturbance dynamo effects. Storm effects also overall weakened flare effects on geopotential height, ionospheric F2 peak height hmF2, and ionospheric F2 peak electron density NmF2. In addition, storm effects changed the latitudinal distributions of flare effects on hmF2, NmF2, vertical plasma drifts, and O/N2. On the other hand, no major X-class flare occurred shortly before or during the storm. Model simulations indicate that the weaker C- and M- class flares that occurred before and during the storm had a minor effect on the amplitude of the large-scale traveling atmosphere disturbances generated by the storm.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news js-view-dom-id-2ecb1aa98e2d8ae7ac35ee5e87b01197a8fe89f12ba5f2987cb1953205379b44"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="views-view-grid horizontal cols-3 col-12 mb-2 mb-md-4"> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-1"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/news-article/hawaiis-mauna-loa-erupts-after-38-years-mauna-loa-solar-observatory-temporarily" 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block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2020-07-01T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Wed, 07/01/2020 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/31" hreflang="en">Alan Burns</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/27" hreflang="en">Liying Qian</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/29" hreflang="en">Stan Solomon</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/9" hreflang="en">Wenbin Wang</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/36" hreflang="en">solar flare</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Wed, 17 Nov 2021 17:13:03 +0000 kolinski 59 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu Comparison of GOLD nighttime measurements with total electron content: preliminary results https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/publication-highlight/comparison-gold-nighttime-measurements-total-electron-content <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Comparison of GOLD nighttime measurements with total electron content: preliminary results</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">kolinski</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Tue, 11/16/2021 - 15:37</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/9">Wenbin Wang</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-subtitle"> <p class="field field--name-field-subtitle field--type-string field--label-above mb-4 mt-n4">ublication: Journal of Geophysical Research, Space Physics; Authors: Xuguang Cai, Alan G. Burns, Wenbin Wang, Anthea Coster, Liying Qian, Jing Liu, Stanley C. Solomon, Richard W. Eastes, Robert E. Daniell, William E. McClintock</p> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">kolinski</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Nov 16, 2021</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Global‐scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) has been imaging the thermosphere and ionosphere since October 2018. It provides continuous measurements over a large area from its geostationary orbit. The unambiguous 2-dimensional (2D) maps of OI 135.6 nm radiance retrieved from GOLD after sunset are compared with the total electron content (TEC) maps measured by GPS receivers in the American sector. The OI 135.6 nm radiance observed by GOLD is an indicator of the peak electron density of the ionosphere F2 region, while the TEC is the total electron density in the column.</p> <figure class="align-left media media--type-image media--view-mode-default figure mb-1 mb-md-4"> <p> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/extra_large/public/2021-11/XuguangCai_Figure.png?itok=dXWkCOQj" width="926" height="914" alt="The comparison between the GOLD map and TEC2 map on DOY 72 in 2019 23:10-23:40 (top) and 23:55-24:25 (bottom)" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-extra-large img-fluid" /></p> <figcaption class="figure-caption pb-1"> <p>The comparison between the GOLD map and TEC2 map on DOY 72 in 2019 23:10-23:40 (top) and 23:55-24:25 (bottom). The white part stands for the data unavailability and the pink line is the geomagnetic equator. The black points stand for the location of the peaks of the EIA.</p> </figcaption> </figure> <p>Our comparisons show that the two datasets match each other very well in the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) morphology and its seasonal variability. Equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) are evident in GOLD nighttime OI 135.6 radiance. Corresponding depletions are shown in TEC maps, but without GOLD data as a reference, it is difficult to discern that the depletions are EPBs. In addition, both GOLD 135.6 radiance and TEC maps observed third peaks of electron density poleward of the southern EIA crests. Furthermore, both show that the ionosphere after sunset is quite dynamic and has strong day-to-day variability. In all, the GOLD and TEC have valuable synergy to allow us to gain a better understanding of the equatorial ionosphere.</p> <p>Link to paper: <a href="https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2019JA027767">Comparison of GOLD Nighttime Measurements With Total Electron Content: Preliminary Results</a></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news js-view-dom-id-16070a096b7d76af53c7a7adc8f719c7ea7260a3a3669cf1ed7cb6e82fbfc019"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="views-view-grid horizontal cols-3 col-12 mb-2 mb-md-4"> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-1"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div class="field field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a 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block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2020-08-28T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Fri, 08/28/2020 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/31" hreflang="en">Alan Burns</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/27" hreflang="en">Liying Qian</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/29" hreflang="en">Stan Solomon</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/9" hreflang="en">Wenbin Wang</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/7" hreflang="en">Earth&#039;s upper atmosphere</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/37" hreflang="en">GOLD</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Tue, 16 Nov 2021 22:37:36 +0000 kolinski 50 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu The 2‐D Evolution of Thermospheric ∑O/N2 Response to Weak Geomagnetic Activity During Solar‐Minimum Observed by GOLD https://www2.hao.ucar.edu/news/publication-highlight/2-d-evolution-thermospheric-on2-response-weak-geomagnetic-activity <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The 2‐D Evolution of Thermospheric ∑O/N2 Response to Weak Geomagnetic Activity During Solar‐Minimum Observed by GOLD</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">kolinski</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Tue, 11/16/2021 - 15:34</span> <div class="layout__region--twocol d-grid d-print-flex with-sidebar"> <div class="layout__region layout__region--main-top breadcrumb-wrapper mt-2"> <div class="block block-system block-system-breadcrumb-block"> <nav class="mb-2 d-print-none" role="navigation" aria-labelledby="system-breadcrumb"> <h2 id="system-breadcrumb" class="visually-hidden">Breadcrumb</h2> <ol class="breadcrumb"> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/">Home</a> </li> <li class="breadcrumb-item"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/9">Wenbin Wang</a> </li> </ol> </nav> </div> </div> <main class="layout__region layout__region--main main-content-wrapper"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-subtitle"> <p class="field field--name-field-subtitle field--type-string field--label-above mb-4 mt-n4">Publication Name: Geophysical Research Letters; First HAO Author&#039;s Name: Xuguang Cai; Other Authors: Alan G. Burns, Wenbin Wang, Liying Qian, Stanley C. Solomon Richard W. Eastes, Nicolas Pedatella, Robert E. Daniell, Will</p> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-extra-field-blocknodearticleauthor-and-created"> <div class="author_created row gx-0"> <div class="col"> <div class="fw-bold fs-6">Author:</div> <div class="author_created__name fs-6">kolinski</div> <div class="author_created__date text-gray-dark fs-6">Nov 16, 2021</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="mt-3 mt-md-4 block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-main-content"> <div class="field field--name-field-main-content field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--rich-text paragraph--view-mode--default"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>We conduct observational and modeling studies of thermospheric composition responses to weak geomagnetic activity (non-geomagnetic storms). We found that the thermospheric O and N 2 column density ratio (∑O/N 2 ) in part of the Northern Hemisphere measured by Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) exhibited large and long-lived depletions during weak geomagnetic activity in May and June 2019.</p> <figure class="align-left media media--type-image media--view-mode-default figure mb-1 mb-md-4"> <p> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/extra_large/public/2021-11/Cai%2CX_2D-EvolutionOfThermospheric-%E2%88%91O_N2-response_0.jpg?itok=IqLQqRiw" width="926" height="425" alt="(top) The Kp and Dst index of three cases (DOY 145 to 148; DOY 153 to 156; DOY 162 to 165); (middle) latitude-longitude distribution of ∑O/N2 percentage difference between two quiet days in three cases; (bottom) percentage difference of ∑O/N2 between disturbed and quiet days in three cases. Corresponding local time is marked on longitude interval" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-extra-large img-fluid" /></p> <figcaption class="figure-caption pb-1"> <p>(top) The Kp and Dst index of three cases (DOY 145 to 148; DOY 153 to 156; DOY 162 to 165); (middle) latitude-longitude distribution of ∑O/N2 percentage difference between two quiet days in three cases; (bottom) percentage difference of ∑O/N2 between disturbed and quiet days in three cases. Corresponding local time is marked on longitude interval.</p> </figcaption> </figure> <p>The depletions reached 30% of quiet time values, extended equatorward to 10°N, and lasted more than 10 hours. Furthermore, numerical simulation results are similar to these observations and indicate that the ∑O/N 2 depletions were pushed westward by zonal winds. The ∑O/N 2 evolution during weak geomagnetic activity suggests that the formation mechanism of the ∑O/N 2 depletions is similar to that during a geomagnetic storm. The effects of weak geomagnetic activity are often ignored, but, in fact, are important for understanding thermosphere neutral composition variability and hence the state of the thermosphere-ionosphere system.</p> <div class="resources-main border-0"> <a href="/sites/default/files/2021-11/2020%20Cai%20The%20two%20dimensional%20Evolution.pdf" class="i-file-pdf--before" target="_blank">2020 Cai The two dimensional Evolution</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="views-element-container block block-views block-views-blockarticles-recent-news"> <h2 class="mb-md-2">Recent News</h2> <div><div class="view view-articles view-id-articles view-display-id-recent_news js-view-dom-id-dbacc226624aeaf2d02f05867c25930b9154fb9c744900ff70be1dcc301fcd96"> <div class="view-content"> <div class="views-view-grid horizontal cols-3 col-12 mb-2 mb-md-4"> <div class="row row-cols-1 row-cols-sm-2 row-cols-md-3 g-2 g-md-4 row-1"> <div class="col"><div class="pb-3 pb-md-0"> <figure> <div 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field--name-field-primary-image field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti" hreflang="en"><img src="/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/2022-10/Maute_perturbationAmplitudes.jpg?itok=BRSLJoPb" width="480" height="326" alt="Seasonal variations of monthly-zonal-mean small-scale perturbation amplitudes" loading="lazy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="image-style-large img-fluid" /> </a> </div> </figure> <div class="pb-1 text-gray-dark text-uppercase date--sm">Oct 18, 2022</div> <h3 class="card-title"> <a href="/news/publication-highlight/seasonal-variations-small-scale-waves-observed-icon-mighti"><span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Seasonal Variations of Small-Scale Waves observed by ICON-MIGHTI</span> </a> </h3> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-story-date"> <div class="field field--name-field-story-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Date</div> <div class="field__item"><time datetime="2020-09-16T12:00:00Z" class="datetime">Wed, 09/16/2020 - 12:00</time> </div> </div> </div> </main> <aside class="layout__region layout__region--sidebar resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodearticlefield-article-tags"> <div class="resources-wrapper d-print-none"> <div class="resources related mb-4"> <h2 class="p-2 px-md-3">Tags</h2> <div class="p-2 px-md-3 py-md-3"> <a href="/taxonomy/term/31" hreflang="en">Alan Burns</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/27" hreflang="en">Liying Qian</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/16" hreflang="en">Nick Pedatella</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/29" hreflang="en">Stan Solomon</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/9" hreflang="en">Wenbin Wang</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/7" hreflang="en">Earth&#039;s upper atmosphere</a>, <a href="/taxonomy/term/37" hreflang="en">GOLD</a> </div> </div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> <div class="layout layout--onecol"> <div > </div> </div> Tue, 16 Nov 2021 22:34:30 +0000 kolinski 49 at https://www2.hao.ucar.edu