NCAR High Altitude Observatory

About the Mauna Loa Solar Observatory

The Mauna Loa Solar Observatory (MLSO) occupies part of the NOAA Mauna Loa research site located on the flank of Mauna Loa at an elevation of 3440 meters on the island of Hawaii. It is operated by the High Altitude Observatory, a division of the National Center for Atmospheric Research, which is located in Boulder, Colorado.

Deciphering Deep-Origin of Active Regions From Analysis Of Magnetograms

Graphic image of active-regions' toroid patterns
Tuesday, February 23, 2021

Dikpati, et. al., derive magnetic toroids from surface magnetograms by employing a novel optimization method based on Trust Region Reflective algorithm. Toroids obtained are combinations of Fourier modes (amplitudes and phases) with low longitudinal wavenumbers.

Holly Gilbert

Holly has over 20 years of experience in the field of heliophysics conducting solar research, leading large groups of scientists, and participating in outreach and education activities. She has been the Director of NCAR’s High Altitude Observatory (HAO) since October 2020.

MLSO Publications (by year)

Order by: Author | Year

1116 publications, 57 abstracts, and 260 citations as of 2021-02-12.

It is hoped that this listing will be of use to the scientific community. The current list is incomplete. If you are aware of any

Cortex XDR

Data-Driven Ensemble Modeling of Equatorial Ionospheric Electrodynamics

Graphic depicting root-mean-square difference of the plasma drift
Thursday, February 4, 2021

A Case Study During a Minor Storm Period Under Solar Minimum Conditions: The dayside equatorial ionospheric electrodynamics exhibits strong variability driven simultaneously by highly changeable external forcings that originate from the Sun, magnetosphere, and lower atmosphere.

Design of a Highly Efficient Polychromatic Full-Stokes Polarization Modulator for the CRISP Imaging Spectrometer

Graphic image depicting spectro-polarimetric data
Tuesday, February 2, 2021

In 2014 HAO built a polarimetric modulator for the CRISP instrument on the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope in La Palma, using the principles of polychromatic modulation previously developed by HAO scientists. This paper discusses the processes by which the modulator was designed, built, and tested.

Migrating Semidiurnal Tide during the September Equinox Transition in the Northern Hemisphere

Graphic depicting migrating semidiurnal tide
Thursday, January 28, 2021

Specified Dynamics Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere-ionosphere eXtension (SD-WACCMX) simulations are used to investigate the solar migrating semidiurnal tide (SW2) around September equinox at middle to high latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere.

Modeling Diurnal Variation Magnetic Fields for Mantle Induction Studies

Graphic image of the magnetic Bx component
Thursday, January 28, 2021

Accurate models of the spatial structure of ionospheric magnetic fields in the daily variation (DV) band (periods of approximately a few hours to a day) would enable use of magneto-variational methods for three-dimensional imaging of upper mantle and transition zone electrical conductivity.

Planetary-scale Wave Impacts on the Venusian Upper Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere

Graphic image of VTGCM temperature profiles
Wednesday, December 30, 2020

Venus’ atmosphere has a cloud layer (~40 km - ~70 km) that encompasses the whole planet that separates the lower atmosphere and upper atmosphere.


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