NCAR High Altitude Observatory

About the Mauna Loa Solar Observatory

The Mauna Loa Solar Observatory (MLSO) occupies part of the NOAA Mauna Loa research site located on the flank of Mauna Loa at an elevation of 3440 meters on the island of Hawaii. It is operated by the High Altitude Observatory, a division of the National Center for Atmospheric Research, which is located in Boulder, Colorado.

WHPI support of the PSP 4th Perihelion

WHPI logo image

During the upcoming 4th Parker Solar Probe (PSP) perihelion on January 29 2020, the Earth and many space observatories will be near-radially aligned with PSP and STEREO-A will be near quadrature (at a rig

Paul Bryans interviewed by Sun Superheroes

Photographic image of Solar Eclipse Team, Chile, 2019

Paul Bryans tells Sun Superheroes that a solar eclipse is an opportunity to understand and study the Sun's magnetism. During a solar eclipse, when the moon blocks the Sun, it allows scientists to study the strength and shape of the Sun's surrounding magnetic field.

Interhemispheric Coupling Mechanisms in the Middle Atmosphere of WACCM6

Graphic depicting three WACCM realizations
Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Simulations with the Community Earth System Model 2 using the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model configuration, known as CESM2(WACCM6), show evidence of dynamical coupling from the high latitudes of the winter middle atmosphere to the tropics and the middle and high latitudes of the summer

Upper atmosphere radiance data assimilation: A feasibility study for GOLD far ultraviolet observations

Graph depicting accuracy of temperature estimates
Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Availability of far ultraviolet observations of Earth’s dayglow by the NASA Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission presents an unparalleled opportunity for upper atmosphere radiance data assimilation.

Sun-Like Stars Shed Light on Solar Climate Forcing

Seasonally averaged data for the CaII“S-index” and for the average magnitudes of the Strömgrenbplusy filters
Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Recently published, precise stellar photometry of 72 Sun-like stars obtained at the Fairborn Observatory between 1993 and 2017 is used to set limits on the solar forcing of Earth’s atmosphere of ±4.5 W m−2 since 1750.

Global-scale observations and modeling of far-ultraviolet airglow

Image depicting measurement, model simulation, and normalized differences
Monday, December 16, 2019

The NASA Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) instrument is an ultraviolet imager and spectrograph that observes light from the upper-atmosphere of the Earth, in order to infer quantities such as the composition and temperature of the thermosphere.

Temperature in a long-lived cavity

Graphic depicting Angstrom images of the cavity
Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Gibson et al. have analyzed a long-lived cavity observed from 17 March 2012 to 21 March 2012. For this cavity we applied a differential emission measure method to obtain both a temperature distribution and a value of the average temperature during all five observational days.

Simulation of Prompt Acceleration of Radiation Belt Electrons during the 16 July 2017 storm

Graph depicting a comparison of simulated and measured fluxes
Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Patel et al. observe that when an interplanetary shock launched from the Sun arrives at Earth, it compresses the dayside magnetic field and an impulse in electric and magnetic field propagates as a characteristic wave mode inside the magnetosphere toward the nightside.


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