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About the Mauna Loa Solar Observatory

The Mauna Loa Solar Observatory (MLSO) occupies part of the NOAA Mauna Loa research site located on the flank of Mauna Loa at an elevation of 3440 meters on the island of Hawaii. It is operated by the High Altitude Observatory, a division of the National Center for Atmospheric Research, which is located in Boulder, Colorado.

The enduring mystery of the solar corona

Magnetic field lines
Thursday, September 16, 2021

The author reviews why, after almost 8 decades, we still have a coronal heating problem.

Why do we still have a coronal heating problem

The solar corona photographed by Miloslav Druckmüller from Brno University of Technology in the Czech Republic during the 2020 total eclipse over Argentina

After almost 8 decades, astronomers still debate the reasons why the Sun and sun-like stars must possess coronae. Philip Judge re-examines the problem and compares it to that of a detective trying to find the lead pipe or smoking gun at the scene of a murder.

NASA Features Research by HAO Scientist Xuguang Cai

Satellite with spectrograph instrumentation hovering over the earth

Since 2017, HAO has provided scientific support and analysis for NASA's Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD).

Lipi Mukherjee

Lipi Mukherjee is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the High Altitude Observatory, of the National Center for Atmospheric Research.

The Impact of Solar Activity on Forecasting the Upper Atmosphere via Assimilation of Electron Density Data

Geographic latitude and altitude distribution
Friday, August 13, 2021

This study presents a comprehensive comparison of the impact of solar activity on forecasting the upper atmosphere through assimilation of radio occultation (RO)-derived electron density (Ne) into a physics-based model (TIE-GCM) using an ensemble Kalman filter.

Migrating Semidiurnal Tide during the September Equinox Transition in the Northern Hemisphere

migrating semidiurnal tide amplitude in zonal wind
Friday, August 13, 2021

Specified Dynamics Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere-ionosphere eXtension (SD-WACCMX) simulations are used to investigate the solar migrating semidiurnal tide (SW2) around September equinox at middle to high latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere.

Magnetofrictional Modeling of an Erupting Pseudostreamer

3D magnetic eld evolution of an erupting pseudostreamer
Friday, August 13, 2021

In this study, we present a magnetic conguration of an erupting pseudostreamer observed on April 19, 2015 on the Southwest limb embedding a prominence cavity. The eruption resulted in a relatively wide CME with a round front and prominence core intersected by a sharp plume.

NO transport via Lagrangian Coherent Structures into the top of the polar vortex

Daily average WACCMX+DART NO profiles
Tuesday, July 13, 2021

The energetic particle precipitation (EPP) indirect effect (IE) refers to the downward transport of reactive odd nitrogen (NOx=NO+NO2) produced by EPP (EPP-NOx) from the polar winter mesosphere and lower thermosphere to the stratosphere where it can destroy ozone.

COSMIC Observation of Stratospheric Gravity Wave and Ionospheric Scintillation Correlation

High S4 occurrence (> 0.2) longitudinal and annual variations from 2010 to 2013
Tuesday, July 13, 2021

A correlation study is performed to investigate possible connections between the stratospheric gravity waves and the ionospheric plasma bubble induced GPS signal scintillations.

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