Matthias Rempel

AAS Nova Features a Recent Publication by Philip Judge

Six examples displaying corrugated surfaces at which the centers of UV lines are formed

Understanding the magnitude and occurrence of solar storms is key to predicting events that can be harmful to thousands of Earth-orbiting satellites and the welfare of astronauts.

Measuring the magnetic origins of solar flares, CMEs and Space Weather

A UV spectrum of α Cen A
Wednesday, April 21, 2021

We take a broad look at the problem of identifying the magnetic solar causes of space weather.

Superstrong photospheric magnetic fields in sunspot penumbrae

Graphic image showing a portion of the inner penumbra in the MURaM sunspot simulation
Friday, October 2, 2020

Recently, there have been some reports of unusually strong photospheric magnetic fields (which can reach values of over 7 kG) inferred from Hinode SOT/SP sunspot observations within penumbral regions.

A distinct magnetic property of the inner penumbral boundary III. Analysis of simulated sunspots

Graphic image depicting radial profiles of continuum intensity
Friday, May 8, 2020

The analyses of sunspot observations revealed a fundamental magnetic property of the umbral boundary, the invariance of the vertical component of the magnetic field.

Opposite Polarity Magnetic Fields and Convective Downflows in a Simulated Sunspot Penumbra

Graphic image of opposite polarity magnetic fields
Tuesday, March 31, 2020

Recent numerical simulations and observations of sunspots show a significant amount of opposite polarity magnetic fields within the sunspot penumbra. Most of the opposite polarity fields are associated with convective downflows.

Constraining nonlinear dynamo models using quasi-biennial oscillations from sunspot area data

Graphic depicting continuous wavelet spectra of the sunspot area (SSA)
Thursday, July 25, 2019

Solar magnetic activity exhibits variations with periods between 1.5–4 years, the so-called quasi-biennial oscillations (QBOs), in addition to the well-known 11-year Schwabe cycles. The solar dynamo is thought to be the responsible mechanism for the generation of the QBOs.

Three-dimensional modeling of chromospheric spectral lines in a simulated active region

Simulated images of Ca II 8542 Å, Ca II K, Mg II k, and H
Friday, May 3, 2019

Recently, the radiative magnetohydrodynamic (R-MHD) code MURaM was extended to include the corona. The code was used to simulate a bipolar active region with additional parasitic flux emergence near one of the sunspots that produced a flare.

First computer model to simulate a realistic solar flare

Image depicting a solar flare or cme

A team of scientists has, for the first time, used a single, cohesive computer model to simulate the entire life cycle of a solar flare.

Transport of Internetwork Magnetic Flux Elements in the Solar Photosphere

Graph of displacement probability distributions
Tuesday, October 23, 2018

The motions of small-scale magnetic flux elements in the solar photosphere can provide some measure of the Lagrangian properties of the convective flow.

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