Stanley C. Solomon

Geospace response to an extreme solar flare

Solar flare effects on magnetospheric convection and ionospheric potential.
Friday, June 18, 2021

Solar flares—a sudden eruption of electromagnetic radiation at the Sun—are known to have significant impacts on Earth’s upper atmosphere and ionosphere, but their collective effects on geospace as an integrated system have never been examined.

Variations in thermosphere composition and ionosphere total electron content under ‘geomagnetically quiet’ conditions at solar-minimum

Tie-GCM Graphic
Friday, May 28, 2021

We conducted observational and modeling studies of thermospheric composition and ionospheric total electron content (TEC) variations during two geomagnetically quiet periods (maximum Kp=1.7) at solar minimum.

Investigation of a neutral ‘tongue’ observed by GOLD during the geomagnetic storm on May 11,2019

Latitude-longitude distribution of percentage difference
Tuesday, May 4, 2021

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration Global-scale observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission observed a unique structure of thermospheric column density ratio of O to N2 (∑O/N2) during a geomagnetic storm on day of year (DOY) 130 (May 10) to DOY 132 in 2019.

Global-scale observations and modeling of far-ultraviolet airglow

Image depicting measurement, model simulation, and normalized differences
Monday, December 16, 2019

The NASA Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) instrument is an ultraviolet imager and spectrograph that observes light from the upper-atmosphere of the Earth, in order to infer quantities such as the composition and temperature of the thermosphere.

Global Modeling of Thermospheric Airglow in the Far-Ultraviolet

 Synthetic ultraviolet global images
Thursday, April 27, 2017

The Global Airglow (GLOW) model has been updated and extended to calculate ultraviolet light emitted by the upper atmosphere, including during the day, the night, and in the aurora.

Stanley C. Solomon

Stan Solomon is a Senior Scientist and a Geo-frontiers Section Head at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, High Altitude Observatory, specializing in the physics and chemistry of the upper atmosphere and ionosphere.

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