Ionosphere

Stanley C. Solomon

Stan Solomon is a scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, High Altitude Observatory, specializing in the physics and chemistry of the upper atmosphere and ionosphere. (https://staff.ucar.edu/users/stans.)

ICON Press Release: El Nino Affects Conditions in Space

El Nino affects

The warm El Niño conditions affecting weather around the Pacific Ocean are also affecting conditions in space, according to University of California, Berkeley scientists. See ICON Press-release.

LYON-FEDDER-MOBARRY (LFM) GLOBAL MHD CODE

The LFM Code is an integrated simulation model for the global magnetosphere-ionosphere system. The heart of the model is a time-dependent, ideal MHD calculation of the state of the magnetosphere.

Driving magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling in upper-atmosphere models with observed field-aligned currents from the AMPERE mission

Observed field-aligned currents image
Friday, November 2, 2012

Geomagnetic field-aligned currents from the Active Magnetosphere and Planetary Electrodynamics Response Experiment (AMPERE) satellite mission are used to drive the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Electrodynamics General Circulation Model (TIEGCM).

Dependence of solar-wind/magnetosphere/ionosphere coupling on the geomagnetic dipole strength

The stand-off distance Rs image
Friday, November 2, 2012

The possible effects of geomagnetic-field changes over periods of millennia on solar wind/magnetosphere/ionosphere/thermosphere coupling was examined, by altering the strength of the geomagnetic dipole in the Coupled Magnetosphere-Ionosphere-Thermosphere (CMIT) model.

Impact of high-speed streams and co-rotating interaction regions on the thermosphere-ionosphere

Comparison of thermospheric neutral density at 400 km image
Friday, November 2, 2012

Changes in the thermosphere-ionosphere system caused by high-speed streams in the solar wind, and the co-rotating interaction regions they engender, were studied using a combination of CMIT and TIEGCM simulations and data analysis. 

Global ionospheric climatology

NmF2 climatology for 2007 to 2010 in magnetic latitude bins image
Friday, November 2, 2012

Extensive analyses of COSMIC data for 2007–2010 have revealed a number of features concerning seasonal and solar-cycle variation. Low-latitude ionospheric peak density NmF2 was dominated by the semi-annual anomaly, the equatorial anomaly and the annual asymmetry.

Ionospheric storm effects of disturbed electric fields

Sunday, August 12, 2012

A comprehensive modeling investigation of ionospheric and thermospheric variations during a prompt penetration electric field on 9 November 2004.

Solar-flare effects on ionospheric electrodynamics

Tuesday, March 20, 2012

The sudden increase of X-ray and extreme ultra-violet irradiance during flares increases the density of the ionosphere through enhanced photoionization.

Assimilative Mapping of Ionospheric Electrodynamics (AMIE)

The AMIE procedure is an optimally constrained, weighted least-squares fit of electric potential distribution to diverse types of atmospheric observations. Knowledge of these distributions is important in many areas of magnetospheric, ionospheric, and thermospheric physics.

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