Magnetic field

Pitch angle scattering of energetic electrons by bursty bulk flows (BBFs)

Pitch angle scattering of electrons in high resolution LFM fields
Tuesday, November 13, 2018

Mary Hudson and others have studied field line curvature scattering by the magnetic field structure associated with Bursty Bulk Flows (BBFs), using simulated output fields from the Lyon‐Fedder‐Mobarry (LFM) global magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) code for specified solar wind input.

MLSO Honors the Sun at AstroDay West

Radio dish

On October 6th, the MLSO staff participated in AstroDay 2018, an educational outreach event coordinated by the Mauna Kea Observatories. 3,000 people attended. This was the second occurrence of this event, located in Kailua-Kona, on the west side of Hawaii Island.

Solar Prominences: Theory and models (Fleshing out the magnetic skeleton)

Painting the dips of a magnetic skeleton results in sheet-like prominences
Friday, August 24, 2018

Magnetic fields suspend the relatively cool material of solar prominences in an otherwise hot corona. A comprehensive understanding of solar prominences ultimately requires complex and dynamic models, constrained and validated by observations spanning the solar atmosphere.

On the weak field approximation of Ca II 8542 A

Kawakami diagrams for the linear polarization of the Ca II 8542 A line
Thursday, July 26, 2018

The weak field approximation is a conceptually simple and computationally light method for inferring the magnetic field strength and its orientation in the Sun’s atmosphere.

Role of Interaction Between Magnetic Rossby Waves and Tachocline Differential Rotation in Producing Solar Seasons

Synoptic maps
Wednesday, January 24, 2018

Mausumi Dikpati presents a nonlinear magnetohydrodynamic shallow-water model for the solar tachocline (MHD-SWT) that generates quasi-periodic tachocline nonlinear oscillations (TNOs) that can be identified with the recently discovered solar 'seasons'.

Examining the magnetic signal due to gravity and plasma pressure gradient current with the TIE-GCM

magnetic effect of gravity and plasma pressure gradient
Thursday, December 28, 2017

Astrid Maute states that accurate magnetic field measurements at ground and Low-Earth Orbit (LEO) are crucial to describe Earth's magnetic field. LEO data is also used to study the ionosphere.

Small-scale dynamo Simulations

Magnetic field amplification in exploding granules image
Wednesday, December 13, 2017

Magnetic field amplification in exploding granules and the role of deep and shallow recirculation

Nature of Grand Minima and Maxima from Fully Non-Linear Flux-Transport Dynamos

Identified Grand Minima and Maxima
Thursday, September 7, 2017

We aim to investigate the nature and occurrence characteristics of grand solar minimum and maximum periods, which are observed in the solar proxy records such as 10Be and 14C, using a fully non-linear Babcock-Leighton type flux transport dynamo including momentum and entropy equations.

Emergence of magnetic flux generated in a solar convective dynamo I

Evolution of the vertical component of the magnetic field
Friday, August 25, 2017

Formation of Sunspots and Active regions, and Origin of Their Asymmetries—We present a realistic numerical model of sunspot and active region formation based on the emergence of flux bundles generated in a solar convective dynamo.

Vector Magnetic Field Measurements Along A Cooled Stereo-Imaged Coronal Loop

Observed and inverted Stokes spectra
Tuesday, August 8, 2017

The variation of the vector magnetic field along structures in the solar corona remains unmeasured. 

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