Magnetic Field

Neutral hydrogen, helium and solar and stellar coronae

Graphic image of Line Profiles of He I and He II Resonance Line
Wednesday, June 17, 2020

In the context of the solar atmosphere, we re-examine the role of of neutral and ionized species in dissipating the ordered energy of intermediate-mode MHD waves into heat.

Simulated trends in ionosphere-thermosphere climate due to predicted main magnetic field changes from 2015 to 2065

Photograph of TEC in 2015
Friday, May 15, 2020

Summary or Abstract: The strength and structure of the Earth's magnetic field is gradually changing. These changes do not only affect the difference between the geographic and magnetic pole, which we have to consider when we hike in higher latitude regions.

A distinct magnetic property of the inner penumbral boundary III. Analysis of simulated sunspots

Graphic image depicting radial profiles of continuum intensity
Friday, May 8, 2020

The analyses of sunspot observations revealed a fundamental magnetic property of the umbral boundary, the invariance of the vertical component of the magnetic field.

Statistical Dependence of EMIC Wave Scattering on Wave and Plasma Parameters

Graphic image of H+ band Electromagnetic Ion Cyclotron (EMIC) waves diagram
Friday, April 24, 2020

A recent statistical study has suggested that not all electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves can scatter relativistic electrons. However, knowledge of the factors that influence the EMIC wave scattering efficiency is still limited in observations.

Space Weather Challenge & Forecasting Implications Of Rossby Waves

Graph depicting solar magnetic weather
Tuesday, March 31, 2020

Rossby waves arise in thin layers within fluid regions of stars and planets. These global wave-like patterns occur due to the variation in Coriolis forces with latitude. In the past several years observational evidence has indicated that there are also Rossby waves in the Sun.

Opposite Polarity Magnetic Fields and Convective Downflows in a Simulated Sunspot Penumbra

Graphic image of opposite polarity magnetic fields
Tuesday, March 31, 2020

Recent numerical simulations and observations of sunspots show a significant amount of opposite polarity magnetic fields within the sunspot penumbra. Most of the opposite polarity fields are associated with convective downflows.

Paul Bryans interviewed by Sun Superheroes

Photographic image of Solar Eclipse Team, Chile, 2019

Paul Bryans tells Sun Superheroes that a solar eclipse is an opportunity to understand and study the Sun's magnetism. During a solar eclipse, when the moon blocks the Sun, it allows scientists to study the strength and shape of the Sun's surrounding magnetic field.

Data-optimized coronal field model: 1. Proof of concept

Graphic depicting field-lines from a ground-truth flux-rope magnetic field model
Thursday, August 8, 2019

Deriving the strength and direction of the three-dimensional (3D) magnetic field in the solar atmosphere is fundamental for understanding its dynamics. Volume information on the magnetic field mostly relies on photospheric and/or chromospheric surface vector magnetic fields.

Pitch angle scattering of energetic electrons by bursty bulk flows (BBFs)

Pitch angle scattering of electrons in high resolution LFM fields
Tuesday, November 13, 2018

Mary Hudson and others have studied field line curvature scattering by the magnetic field structure associated with Bursty Bulk Flows (BBFs), using simulated output fields from the Lyon‐Fedder‐Mobarry (LFM) global magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) code for specified solar wind input.

MLSO Honors the Sun at AstroDay West

Radio dish

On October 6th, the MLSO staff participated in AstroDay 2018, an educational outreach event coordinated by the Mauna Kea Observatories. 3,000 people attended. This was the second occurrence of this event, located in Kailua-Kona, on the west side of Hawaii Island.

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