Observations

Outreach and Observing at Mauna Loa in Hawaii

Lisa Waters demonstrating magnetic fields and effects on the sun

Educational outreach is an important and rewarding part of an observer’s job at the Mauna Loa Solar Observatory (MLSO) site located on the flanks of Mauna Loa Mountain at an elevation of 3440 meters in the U.S. state of Hawai’i.

On the responses of mesosphere and lower thermosphere temperatures to geomagnetic storms at low and middle latitudes

Temporal Variations of Kp
Friday, September 14, 2018

Observations from lidars and satellites have shown that large temperature increases and decreases occur in the middle and low latitudes of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region during geomagnetic storms.

Evolution of the Global Solar Magnetic Field over 4 Solar Cycles: Use of the McIntosh Archive

Butterfly-type plots of all of the McA data
Thursday, July 26, 2018

The McIntosh Archive consists of a set of hand-drawn solar Carrington maps created by Patrick McIntosh from 1964 to 2009. McIntosh used mainly H, He-I 10830Å and photospheric magnetic measurements from both ground-based and NASA satellite observations.

Nicholas Pedatella

Nicholas Pedatella is a Scientist at the High Altitude Observatory of the National Center for Atmospheric Research.

Physical Processes Driving the Response of the F2-region Ionosphere to the 21 August 2017 Solar Eclipse at Millstone Hill

UT and altitude variations of electron densities
Friday, May 4, 2018

The high-resolution thermosphere-ionosphere-electrodynamics general circulation model (TIEGCM) was used to investigate the cause of F2-region electron density (Ne) responses to the Great American Solar Eclipse on 21 August 2017 at Millstone Hill (42.610N, 71.480W).

Discovery of New Coronal Lines at 2.843 & 2.853 Microns

Summary of AIR-Spec observations during totality
Tuesday, February 20, 2018

Jenna Samra and Philip Judge identify two new emission features observed during the 21st August 2017 total solar eclipse by a novel spectrometer, AIR-Spec, flown at 14.3 km altitude aboard the NCAR Gulfstream V aircraft.

GOLD Mission Launched into Orbit

SES-14 communications satellite

The NASA Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission was launched into orbit on January 25, 2018 as a commercially hosted payload on the SES-14 communications satellite. There were anxious moments following lift-off when mission control lost contact with the satellite.

Rosetta Stone Eclipse Campaign

(Right to left) FLIR camera, PolarCam, and Avantes flash spectra

HAO scientists observed the August 21st total eclipse with a suite of three instruments with financial assistance provided by NASA.

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