Space Weather

About the Mauna Loa Solar Observatory

The Mauna Loa Solar Observatory (MLSO) occupies part of the NOAA Mauna Loa research site located on the flank of Mauna Loa at an elevation of 3440 meters on the island of Hawaii. It is operated by the High Altitude Observatory, a division of the National Center for Atmospheric Research, which is located in Boulder, Colorado.

Space Weather: Big and Small, A Continuous Risk

Artistic rendering of the Sun and its atmosphere consist
Friday, May 10, 2019

"Space Weather" is the term used to describe the relentless barrage of particles that bathe the Earth and other planetary bodies of the solar system that originate in the steady evolution, and catastrophic breakdown, of magnetic structures on the Sun.

Three-dimensional modeling of chromospheric spectral lines in a simulated active region

Simulated images of Ca II 8542 Å, Ca II K, Mg II k, and H
Friday, May 3, 2019

Recently, the radiative magnetohydrodynamic (R-MHD) code MURaM was extended to include the corona. The code was used to simulate a bipolar active region with additional parasitic flux emergence near one of the sunspots that produced a flare.

A theoretical study of the responses of mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) winds to geomagnetic storms at middle latitudes

Differences of meridional acceleration terms
Friday, May 3, 2019

In a recent work, we found that, in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region at middle latitudes, adiabatic heating/cooling and vertical heat advection, both associated with vertical wind changes, are the dominant processes that determine the temperature responses to storms.

Space Weather Modeling Capabilities Assessment: Neutral Density and Orbit Determination at LEO

Graph depicting TIE-GCM density ratios computed with 2007 CHAMP data
Monday, February 25, 2019

The specification and prediction of density changes in the thermosphere is a key challenge for space weather observations and modeling, because it is one result of complex interactions between the Sun and the terrestrial atmosphere, and also because it is of operational importance for tracking ob

Federico Gasperini

Federico Gasperini is a Advanced Study Postdoc (ASP) in the High Altitude Observatory at NCAR.

HiWind has launched and landed!!

HiWIND team, Kiruna, Sweden

Finally, after repeated postponements due to unfavorable weather conditions, HiWind launched from Esrange Space Center, Kiruna, Sweden, on Sunday, June 24. The HiWIND team arrived in early May 2018.

Delores Knipp

Delores Knipp is a Senior Research Associate at the High Altitude Observatory of the National Center for Atmospheric Research.

GOLD Mission Launched into Orbit

SES-14 communications satellite

The NASA Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission was launched into orbit on January 25, 2018 as a commercially hosted payload on the SES-14 communications satellite. There were anxious moments following lift-off when mission control lost contact with the satellite.

Origins of the Ambient Solar Wind: Implication for Space Weather

Carrington rotation stack plots
Thursday, September 7, 2017

The Sun’s outer atmosphere is heated to temperatures of millions of degrees, and solar plasma flows out into interplanetary space at supersonic speeds. This paper reviews our current understanding of these interrelated problems: coronal heating and the acceleration of the ambient solar wind.

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