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Sunrise Balloon Launching
April 7, 2017

The March issue of NOVA features Sunrise, the scientific collaboration that twice launched the largest balloon-borne solar telescope to ever leave the Earth's surface. Launched from the Esrange Space Center in Kiruna, Sweden, it was carried aboard the HAO-developed gondola.

Delta II rocket launching the fifth GPS IIR(M) satellite
April 4, 2017

As part of the US National Space Weather Strategy and Action Plan, and following the 2016 Executive Order 13744, the Department of Defense (DoD) is now opening a more than 15-year record of GPS particle data to scientific scrutiny.

Phil Judge, Claire Raftery, Sarah Jaeggli
February 17, 2017

Philip Judge, Senior Scientist at HAO, Claire Raftery, Director of Education and Outreach at NSO HQ in Boulder, and Sarah Jaeggli, Assistant Astronomer at the NSO's Daniel K Inouye Solar Observatory in Maui were guests on KGNU public radio in Boulder, CO.

Publication Highlights

 Synthetic ultraviolet global images
April 27, 2017

The Global Airglow (GLOW) model has been updated and extended to calculate ultraviolet light emitted by the upper atmosphere, including during the day, the night, and in the aurora.

Variation of NmF2 log 10 [1/cm3] for different seasons
April 26, 2017

The NASA Ionospheric Connection explorer (ICON) will study the coupling between the thermosphere and ionosphere at low- and mid-latitudes by measuring the key parameters.

Variability in sunspot number (SSN) in STABLE dynamo simulations of the solar cycle using the observed random scatter in sunspot pair tilt angle of 15 degrees. (a) 19 magnetic cycles are highlighted with red and blue representing the northern and southern hemispheres respectively. Red shaded areas indicate periods when the SSN in the north exceeds that in the south and blue shaded areas indicate the opposite. (b) Long-term SSN variability in the same simulation, exhibiting extended periods of low and high a
April 15, 2017

We present results from a three-dimensional Babcock–Leighton dynamo model that is sustained by the explicit emergence and dispersal of bipolar magnetic regions (BMRs). On average, each BMR has a systematic tilt given by Joy’s law.

MLSO Latest Images

H-alpha Disk and Limb

Currently, H-alpha images are obtained by the GONG network, operated by the National Solar Observatory .

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CoMP Coronal Intensity

The COronal Multi-channel Polarimeter (CoMP) observes the Fe-XIII emission line at 1074.7 nm to measure the coronal magnetic field and obtain plasma density and motion in the low corona from ~1.03 to 1.5 solar radii.

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K-Cor White Light Corona

Designed to study the formation and dynamics of coronal mass ejections and the evolution of the density structure of the low corona, K-Cor records the polarization brightness (pB).

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K-Cor (radially graded filter)

K-Cor image with a normalized radially graded filter (nrgf) to maximize image contrast, especially in the outer field.

These data are ideal for measuring positions of coronal structures such as CMEs and helmet streamers.

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