How do scientists study the Sun?

Image created by a sunspot model

An image of a sunspot produced by a computer simulation.

Studying the Sun and how it affects the Earth is a very complicated process. In order to successfully do this, scientists approach the problem in many different ways. They separate their scientific efforts into categories and usually specialize in specific areas, such as How the amount of light from the Sun varies over time, or How the Sun's light affects the Earth's climate.

Some scientists study the Sun using computers to predict what the Sun may do in the future. Others build special instruments which look at the Sun to make measurements or take images.

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