Physics informed neural networks for solar magnetic field simulations

When (times in MT)
Wed, Mar 15 2023, 2pm - 1 hour
Event Type
Robert Jarolim
Univ. of Graz, Austria
Building & Room
CG1-3131 in-person & virtual

This is an in-person & virtual talk.

While the photospheric magnetic field of our Sun is routinely measured, its extent into the upper solar atmosphere (the corona) remains elusive. The 3D distribution of the coronal magnetic field is essential to understand the genesis and initiation of solar eruptions and to predict the occurrence of high-energy events from our Sun.

We present a novel approach for coronal magnetic field extrapolation using physics informed neural networks. The neural network is optimized to match observations of the photospheric magnetic field vector at the bottom-boundary, while simultaneously satisfying the force-free and divergence-free equations in the entire simulation volume. We demonstrate that our method can account for noisy data and deviates from the physical model where the force-free magnetic field assumption cannot be satisfied.

We utilize meta-learning concepts to simulate the evolution of the active region 11158.Our simulation of 5 days of observations at full cadence, requires about 12 hours of total computation time. The derived evolution of the free magnetic energy and helicity in the active region, shows that our model captures flare signatures, and that the depletion of free magnetic energy spatially aligns with the observed EUV emission. With this we present the first method that can perform realistic magnetic field extrapolations in quasi real-time, which enables advanced space weather monitoring.

We conclude with an outlook on our ongoing work where we extend this approach to create a new class of MHD simulations, that can flexibly incorporate additional observational constraints and perform fast computations.

About the Speaker

Robert Jarolim is a PhD student at the University of Graz in Austria and employed in the EU Horizon 2020 project – SOLARNET, which relates to the development of the European Solar Telescope.

With a background in Physics and Computer Science, both of which he graduated with distinction, Robert has made notable contributions to the field of AI in solar physics, particularly in the areas of automatic feature detection, solar image enhancement, and quality assessment. His research has been recognized with the prestigious national award of excellence.

Roberts research topics include coronal holes, solar flares, ground-based solar observations, and 3D reconstructions of the solar corona. His current research focuses on developing simulations powered by neural networks. His latest publication explores the use of physics-informed neural networks to model the behavior of the solar magnetic field, which is the topic of today's presentation.