Solar Spectropolarimetry and Diagnostic Techniques - Tentative

Monday, August 22, 2022 to Friday, September 2, 2022

The Spectropolarimetry School has been postponed to 2022, exact dates yet to be determined (with a placeholder in August). We will continue to monitor the situation based on health department guidelines and travel restrictions regarding Covid-19 to finalize the decision and details of the organization.

School Flyer The polarized spectrum of the Sun encodes a wealth of information on the thermodynamic and magnetic properties of its atmosphere, which ultimately drive all phenomena of Space Weather affecting the Earth and near-Earth environment. In order to unveil this valuable information, scientists must perform critically sensitive spectro-polarimetric observations of the Sun, and then carefully reduce, analyze, and interpret the observed data. However, all the aspects involved in this effort (theory, modeling, instrumentation, data analysis) constitute a highly specialized craft, which is notoriously difficult to master.

This two-week school aims at presenting a comprehensive overview of the field of solar spectropolarimetry, and the the various tools and methods necessary for decoding the polarization of the solar spectrum.

This school will take place in 2022, in Boulder, Colorado. The organization will (partially or fully) support travel and accommodation costs for the students. This is possible thanks to our sponsors: the High Altitude Observatory of NCAR, and the National Solar Observatory.

Approximately 25 participants will be selected through a competitive process. The school organization will (at least partially) support participants to cover travel, accommodation, and per diem costs during the school. Please follow this link to submit your application.

Everybody is welcome to apply, however, applications from graduate students and early career scientists at US Universities working in the field of Solar Physics will be given priority.

Intended audience

This school is designed for people who want to delve into the field of spectropolarimetry and learn to carry out spectral line inversions of photospheric and chromospheric (and some coronal) spectra.

  • If you are a solar physicist that doesn't know anything about spectropolarimetry but would like to learn what it's all about, this school is for you.
  • If you use an inversion code as a black box for your data analysis, but you'd like to learn the underlying theory, physical processes and how inversions actually work, then this school is for you.
  • If you have an understanding of the theory of polarized radiative transfer but you'd like to learn about the instrumentation used to acquire the observations and the limitations that arise from the quirks of the data, this school is for you.
  • If you have used a Milne-Eddington inversion code in the past, but you'd like to be able to extract more information from your data (thermodynamical properties and atmospheric stratification), then this school is for you.

Structure of the school

The first week of the school intends to equip the participants with the basic knowledge of how polarization is produced in the Sun and measured with our instruments. We will delve into the theory of radiative transfer (in Local Thermodynamical Equilibrium or LTE) to understand how the polarized light is actually generated and modified as it propagates through the Sun’s atmosphere, and at the same time we will describe the typical optical devices and instrumentation techniques that enable the measurement of the Sun’s polarized spectrum. The theory will be interlaced with hands-on tutorials on spectral line inversions with the LTE code SIR. With this tutorial, participants will learn how the theoretical and modeling concepts acquired in this week's theoretical lectures are used in practice to extract information from observations about the physical conditions of the Sun’s atmosphere.

In the second week, the theoretical lectures will address the complexities of non Local Thermodynamical Equilibrium (non-LTE) radiative transfer. We will present two different non-LTE spectral-line inversion codes (DeSIRe and HAZEL2), that enable diagnostics of a variety of spectral lines formed under non-LTE conditions. These guided tutorials involve many hours of hands-on activities, with the goal of developing a working understanding of these software packages and their use for the analysis of spectropolarimetric observations. You can find descriptions of the three inversion codes used in this school here.

The school will rely on lectures as well as computer lab tutorials taught by leading world experts. The experience will not only offer the participants the opportunity to dive into the field of spectropolarimetry, but will also enable them to develop a network of connections with fellow students, experts, and mentors alike. Detailed information about the school syllabus can be found here.

For further information please email Rebecca Centeno (rce at ucar dot edu).

Local Organizing Committee

Rebecca Centeno (HAO/NCAR)
Roberto Casini (HAO/NCAR)
Gianna Cauzzi (NSO)
Han Uitenbroek (NSO)
Sheryl Shapiro (HAO/NCAR)
Claire Raftery (NSO)
Ivan Milic (NSO/CU)

Due to the uncertainties derived from the Covid-19 pandemic we cannot be certain that the school will take place in its current format on the planned dates. At this juncture we are still planning on holding the school in person in 2022. The evolution of the pandemic may lead us to revise our plans in due course.