Research Highlights

Research Highlights

A selection of highlights culled from publications by HAO staff.

Magnetofrictional Modeling of an Erupting Pseudostreamer

In this study, we present a magnetic conguration of an erupting pseudostreamer observed on April 19, 2015 on the Southwest limb embedding a prominence cavity. The eruption resulted in a relatively wide CME with a round front and prominence core intersected by a sharp plume.

The Impact of Solar Activity on Forecasting the Upper Atmosphere via Assimilation of Electron Density Data

This study presents a comprehensive comparison of the impact of solar activity on forecasting the upper atmosphere through assimilation of radio occultation (RO)-derived electron density (Ne) into a physics-based model (TIE-GCM) using an ensemble Kalman filter.

Characteristics of small-scale gravity waves in the Arctic winter mesosphere

Observational datasets in the polar middle atmosphere are extremely valuable for understanding the polar dynamics and coupling between lower and middle atmosphere. Using the long-term datasets observed with an OH all-sky imager, a Fabry-Perot Interferometer at Resolute Bay observatory, Canada (74.7°N, 94.9°W), and Microwave Limb Sounder and reanalysis data, we study the characteristics of small-scale gravity waves (GWs) with the horizontal wavelength less than 20 km in the Arctic winter mesosphere during 2014-2016.

COSMIC Observation of Stratospheric Gravity Wave and Ionospheric Scintillation Correlation

A correlation study is performed to investigate possible connections between the stratospheric gravity waves and the ionospheric plasma bubble induced GPS signal scintillations.

NO transport via Lagrangian Coherent Structures into the top of the polar vortex

The energetic particle precipitation (EPP) indirect effect (IE) refers to the downward transport of reactive odd nitrogen (NOx=NO+NO2) produced by EPP (EPP-NOx) from the polar winter mesosphere and lower thermosphere to the stratosphere where it can destroy ozone. Previous studies of the EPP IE examined NOx descent averaged over the polar region, but the work presented here considers longitudinal variations.

The impact of ICON/MIGHTI zonal and meridional winds on upper atmosphere weather specification in a whole atmosphere data assimilation system

The thermospheric data assimilation is limited due to the lack of continuous observation of the neutral state. Recently, the thermospheric wind data from the Michelson Interferometer for Global High-resolution Thermospheric Imaging (MIGHTI) on NASA's Ionospheric CONnection (ICON) became available.

Dynamical Splitting Of A Spot-producing Magnetic Ring In A Nonlinear Shallow-water Model

We explore the fundamental physics of narrow toroidal rings during their nonlinear magnetohydrodynamic evolution at tachocline depths.

Post-midnight O+ Depletions Observed by ICON: Data/Model Comparison

The NASA Ionosphere Connection explorer was launched in October 2019 with the goal of understanding the transition from Earth's atmosphere to space by measuring key quantities at low latitudes. On 23 December 2019, the Ion Velocity Meter (IVM) instrument on the ICON satellite measured large depletions in the O+ density and downward drifts in the post-midnight/pre-sunset time sector. Interestingly, the H+ density was not depleted during this time and remained relatively uniform.

Probing the Solar Meridional Circulation using Fourier Legendre Decomposition

We apply the helioseismic methodology of Legendre Function Decomposition to 88 months of Dopp- lergrams obtained by the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) as the basis of inferring the depth variation of the mean meridional flow, as averaged between 20 and 60 degrees latitude and in time, in both the northern and southern hemispheres.